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Turkey's Accession To The European Union

1189 words - 5 pages

Relations between Turkey and European integration institutions began with Turkey’s application for associate membership in the European Economic Community(EEC) in 1959. Turkey applied for full membership in the EEC in 1987 but did not gain candidate status until 1999. Since 1999, relations between Turkey and the European Union (EU) have gained momentum, and Turkey’s EU accession negotiations began in 2005. Since that time, discussions about the implications of Turkey’s prospective EU membership have become more serious and extensive in both Turkey and the EU.the potential advantages and drawbacks of Turkey’s EU membership for both Turkey and the EU. It considers economic, social, political, and security factors. When the enlargement process of the EU is considered,Turkey and the future of EU-Turkey relations are often discussed. As Heinz Kramer, head of the EU External Affairs research unit at the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik in Berlin, has observed, Turkey and the EU share a decades-old common history of the contractual-based relations since the late 1950s which finally led to the start of accession negotiations at the beginning of October 2005.Turkey’s relations with European integration institutions started with the Ankara Agreement signed in September 1963. Since that time, there have been ups and downs in the relationship. Since the start of Turkey’s EU accession negotiations at the beginning of October 2005, relations have gained a new momentum and ambiguity has begun to disappear.

Turkey & EU History

The founder of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, “pointed to achieving and even going beyond the level of contemporary civilization as the goal of the Turkish nation. In the framework of this goal, he played a major role in the accomplishment of many important revolutions and in the foundation of modern,democratic, and secular Turkey. EU membership has been regarded as one of the significant tools for achieving this goal in Turkey. In this context, Turkey has given great importance to its relations with EU integration institutions. The long history of relations starting with the signing of the Ankara Agreement on 12 September 1963 between Turkey and the European Economic Community (EEC) is an evident indication of this importance. Turkey, one of the founding members of the United Nations and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and a member of NATO since 1952, showed its willingness to continue to increase its role in the different areas of Western policy.With the signing of the Ankara Agreement, trade began to be liberalized, followed by the completion of the Customs Union by the end of 1995. since the signing of Ankara Agreement, there have been ups and downs in the relations between Turkey and EU integration institutions. Turkey applied for full membership in the EEC in 1987. In 1990, the European Council endorsed the Commission opinion underlining Turkey’s eligibility for...

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