Turkish Energy Sector (1923 1975) Essay

2344 words - 9 pages

ENERGY SECTOR FROM THE REPUBLIC TO NOWADAYSBefore giving information about the development of the energy sector, information about the source of the energy will help us to understand the sector. Energy sources severs in two parts as primary energy sources and secondary energy sources :Primary Energy Sources: These are the energy sources which can be used with their own properties without changing their main properties. We can give coal and firewood as an example.Secondary Energy Sources: The natural properties of these energy sources are changed with some processes and a different type of energy source is formed. Production of electricity from patrol and water energy in the thermal and hydroelectric power plants can be given as an example.1923 - 1933 PERIODAfter the War of Independence, to find out and to solve the economical problems of our country, in 1923 İzmir Economical Assembly had assembled together. In this meeting, the following matters are estimated about the energy:1-Precautions to be taken in order to improve the situation of Ereğli - Zonguldak watershed and Soma and other coal fields,2-To provide all national establishments, railways, factories to use local coal and even to have agricultural machines work with this fuel,3-To protect our coal which compensates the needs of the country except the coke and anthracite coal4-To determine the geological structure of the Ereğli- Zonguldak watershed, to prepare the maps in a good way, and to determine the bounds and the ownership situation and to result the cases about these problems as soon as possible.In the year 1923, the dominating view about energy in our country was to meet the energy need from local sources, especially with mine coal except for extraordinary situations.The usage of the motor in the industry stayed in a lower level in this period.1933 - 1950 PERIODThe liberal economy policy that was the view of the İzmir Industry Congress and that the state actually followed up in the first years of the republic did not result as expected. Therefore the regime of statism was adopted in the field of energy as it was in the fields of industry and minery.During this period it was attempted to specify the sources to meet the possible increase in the total national demand due to the needs of the to be founded factories and industrial development while preparing industrial fields. Although a systematic and comprehensive energy model was not prepared in those years, it is understood that this situation was subject to a quite realistic approach. Many public corporations were founded to deal with the numerous fronts of the energy case in this period. Some of these were assigned the task of finding the underground the overground sources and to specify how much they could be made use of economically. Other corporations were assigned for productivity by managing the known sources. These included the Mineral Research and Exploration Institute, Etibank and Electrical Power...

Find Another Essay On Turkish Energy Sector (1923-1975)

A Comprehensive Examination of the Turkish Economy with Recommendations and Rationale for Economic Growth

2127 words - 9 pages has historically been defined as geostrategic. However, Turkish leaders have undertaken bold plans, both domestically and internationally, to develop the economy and raise Turkey’s position as a political leader. This is not an easy task as Turkey faces many challenges. The Turkish economy has grown at a rapid pace placing huge demands on infrastructure, energy supply, and agriculture. Threats from Kurdish separatists and Islamic extremists

State&business relations in Turkey Essay

1920 words - 8 pages ;rk launched the statist period, state intervention in economy was not a matter of choice. The collapse of agricultural prices as a result of world depression made industrialization a necessity. The turkish private sector however did not possess the necessary financial strength to engage in a meaningful process of industrialization.. Turkey engaged in central planning. By the death of Atatürk in 1938 the state emerged as the center of gravity

Women’s Rights in Turkey

631 words - 3 pages in the Allied powers (the United States, England, and France) having full military control of the Turkey by the end of the First World War. In 1923, the Turkish people got rid of Sultan leadership and became a republic and had their first president, Kemal Atatürk. Under Kemal, the country started to become a more secular country. To signify this they reduced the control of Islam in the country and changed the written language from the Arabic

Globalization in Turkey

1151 words - 5 pages defining of the Turkish politics. This was also the start of the period that is now branded by polarization between secularism and Islamic traditionalism (2013). Turkey is a constitutional republic that was established in 1923 after the Ottoman Empire. Turkey displays a great degree of western influence. Six percent of the world’s Muslim population lives in Turkey, while 99 percent of their population is Islamic. Turkey has been proclaimed a secular

Gaining a Sense of Membership into Christian Europe

2210 words - 9 pages Turkey are textiles and clothing production. The private sector of the economy is on the rise, although the government still plays a large role in the important banking, communications, and transportation sectors. The Turkish embassy reports an average growth rate of 5.4% over the past 5 years, but the economy has been plagued with erratic growth and large imbalances. Despite the positive average growth, Turkey experienced sharp economic

The History of Iran, Turkey, and Iraq. This essay represents the notes of a History course about the countries of the Middle East

1930 words - 8 pages Greek force to land at Izmir and occupy the surrounding district.The Greco-Turkish war lasted 2 years (1920-1922) with winning of the Turkish, when in September 1922, M. Kemal reoccupied Izmir.24 July, 1923, Treaty of Lausanne, recognizing full Turkish sovereignty in nearly all territories which are now those of Turkish Republic.On November 1st 1922, the National Assembly passed a law abolishing the Sultanate and Mohammad VI fled into exile.On

This is a review of Leslie White and his three key works

2047 words - 8 pages determines in a general way the form and content of social systems, philosophies, and sentiments. In the system that is culture, technology is the independent variable, the other sector the dependant variables" (White 1959:26). In presenting his formulation of this theory, his formula is slightly altered from that presented in "Science of Culture": E * T "" P where E=energy involved, T=technological means, and P=product or result which serves

Turkish Economy In Year 2000

1673 words - 7 pages TURKISH ECONOMY IN YEAR 2000 The year 2000 was a step for Turkish economy which began to use the macro economic restructuring programme from the beginnig of the year. According to this porgramme aims were: · Increasing FX by approximately 20 percent and changing the idea of FX in people's minds as a profitable investment area, · Decreasing the inflation rates to 20 percent, · Decreasing the demand of

EU monetary policy and Turkey

9387 words - 38 pages IMF supported exchange rate stabilization program was cancelled. The exchange rate was 680 000 TL on 19 February 2001 and 960 000 TL on 20 February 2001 which was 41% devaluation in one day.The crisis started in the banking sector and the Turkish case initially was a banking crisis and then crisis continued as a currency crisis. There is a strong connection between a banking crisis or collapse and a currency crisis under fixed exchange rate regime

Turkey’s accession to the EU: Enlargement Fatigue or a Special Case?

6424 words - 26 pages based on the Western Policies, which governed Turkey since the foundation of the Turkish Republic by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in 1923. It was seen as a chance for Turkey, to democratize the regime and to secure peace and prosperity in the country (Brahy 2009:33).However, during the years after the Association Agreement was implemented, a period of stagnation for the relationship of Turkey and the EU, started. In 1970, only an additional protocol

OPEC Power: Past And Present

1670 words - 7 pages . This figure continues to grow.      According to the Transportation Statistics Annual Report of 1996, transportation has become the fastest growing sector of the world economy. Energy demand in this sector has grown at an average annual rate of 1.8 percent per year in industrialized economies. Transportation has been the only growth sector for oil demand over the past twenty ears and will continue to be the principal

Similar Essays

Turkish Economy Essay

2459 words - 10 pages Turkish Economy - Structure and Grwoth At the time of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire during World War I, the Turkish economy was underdeveloped: agriculture depended on outmoded techniques and poor-quality livestock, and the few factories producing basic products such as sugar and flour were under foreign control. Between 1923 and 1985, the economy grew at an average annual rate of 6 percent. In large part as a result of government policies

The Politics Of Turkish National Identity

1667 words - 7 pages ? (Kushner 232). Although the most westernized of all Middle-East countries, Turkey still must deal with Islamic fundamentalism prominent in the area. In recent history, Turkey has done a poor job balancing the differing desires of the members of its society: some would like to homogenize and westernize society while others want to be recognized as a deeply religious and individual sector of the Turkish population. MODERN HISTORY? The

Population In Turkey (1925 1975)

2189 words - 9 pages on each other. In this study the changes in population from the beginning of the republican years till now is examined.Increases in populationTurkey population has been increasing since 1923. The first population census was made in 1927 and 13 million 648 thousand habitants were officially enumerated. According to some assumptions the population of Turkey in Turkey is estimated to be 13 million 248 thousand. In 1975 the population was 40 million

Textile Industry In Turkey Essay

3407 words - 14 pages Thesis: The textile industry in Turkey, its history, developments, benefits and difficulties.1. INTRODUCTIONSince 1975 there had been many benefits that provided by textile industry. Although Europe improved itself in textile sector after the industrial revolution, Turkey could be better than European countries in a short period. Still textile industry contain %15 of Turkish economy, but it does not mean Turkey does not have any problems in the