Turner Syndrome Essay

685 words - 3 pages

Turner Syndrome Turner Syndrome, also known as Turner's Syndrome or Gondal Dysgenisis, is a relatively uncommon sex linked chromosome disorder. This disorder only affects females. The average person usually cannot tell when another person has this syndrome. It carries with it many signs of the disease and some problems as well. Turner Syndrome is the result when a sperm carrying a no sex chromosome fertilizes a normal ovum, or egg. This results in the female having only one or partial absence of the two X-chromosome, usually found in women, making her have certain characteristics and functions. Certain medical problems may be associated in any one situation. These problems may include heart problems (e.g. coarctation of the aorta or bicuspid aortic valve), kidney problems, and thyroid problems. Other common but less frequent medical problems could also include some hearing loss, orthopedic problems, or others. In almost all cases, the female is infertile, or not able to reproduce. The patient may also have learning disabilities. If they were given a test on spatial and perceptional reasoning they would more than likely do poorly on them. The patient would also have behavior problems. Some other distinguishing features may be extra skin folds around the neck, arms that may appear to turn out, several moles or nevi on the skin, puffy hands or feet, a small jaw and a high-arched palate of the mouth. One may also have low hairline, webbed neck, shied shaped chest, with little or no breast development, widely spaced nipples, and usually smaller than average height. However each case of Turner has different degrees of the disease and not one patient is expected to have all of these.In some Turner syndrome cases, the patient has a combination of two X chromosome (XX) in some tissues and only one (XO) or three (XXX) in other tissues. These Turner patients are called mosaics and may have fewer symptoms or a lesser expression of the syndrome. Medical treatment is...

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