US entry to the war created a coalition called the Grand Alliance that ultimately defeated the Axis powers (Germany, Italy and Japan)
President Roosevelt ant Prime Minister Churchill agreed on a set of war aims in a meeting known as the Atlantic Charter. President Roosevelt Declared that eh defeat of Germany was 1st priority of the alliance and sent $50 billion work of military equipment to the Soviet Union. Allies agreed to fight until the unconditional surrender of the Axis Powers. (Making it impossible for Hitler to dived his foes)
At the beginning of 1942 Japanese forces advanced into Southeast Asia and the Pacific after crippling the American naval fleet at Pearl Harbor, Axis forces continued the war in Europe against Britain and the Soviet Union. Reinforcements in North Africa enabled the Afrika Korps under General Erwin Rommel to break through the British defenses in Egypt and advance toward Alexandria. In the spring of 1942, a renewed German offensive in the Soviet Union led to the capture of the entire Crimea, causing Hitler to boast that in two years, German divisions would be on the Indian border. By that fall, however, the war had begun to turn against the Germans.
In North Africa, British forces stopped Rommel’s troops at El Alamein in the summer of 1942 and then forced them back across the desert. In November, U.S. forces landed in French North Africa and forced the German and Italian troops to surrender in May 1943. On the Eastern Front, the turning point of the war occurred at Stalingrad. After capturing the Crimea, Hitler’s...