The Indoor Air Quality Of Natatoriums

1074 words - 5 pages

The indoor air quality of natatoriums has become a significant health hazard, particularly regarding competitive swimmers. The lack of regulations and legislature has made this situation worse. HVAC systems, Heating Ventilating & Air Conditioning, are designed to control the air temperature. They have many different uses, for example, regulating the humidity and fresh air turnover rate. However, they do not “clean the air”. As said in the USA Swimming article The Air Quality Issue, “…air quality is directly affected by the water quality, i.e. bad water = bad air!” This “bad air” they speak of stems from the chloramines within the water. Chloramines are chlorine compound that unlike the traditional chlorine, they cannot burn off in the water. They are a primary source of disinfection byproducts.
Chronic chloramines and the associated smell and irritation are caused by a variety of factors. On the contrary to what many swimmers believe, the major cause of these problems is the lack of free chlorine rather than too much. "Free" chlorine is primarily used to kill bacteria and prevent the spread of waterborne illnesses. Free chlorine also oxidizes natural waste products from swimmers, including sweat, body oil, urine and other ammonia-nitrogen compounds. If the free chlorine levels are not sufficiently high to oxidize these nitrogenous wastes, the free chlorine combines with them to form noxious cholarmine compounds.
Chloramines are primarily released during evaporation, during competitive swimmer practices, and when swimmers are aerating the water. They have been proven to cause serious respiratory problems for swimmers, staff around the pool and spectators in the stands. Irritating particles within the environment surrounding and inside pools are generally the result of combined chlorine by-products of disinfection and human waste products. These products are the result of chlorine bonding with sweat, urine, and other products of swimmers. As this concentration increases, they move into the surrounding air.
This air is filled with irritants that can cause a plethora of symptoms, which are dependent on the concentration of irritants in the air, water, and the amount of time the swimmer is in contact with the water and air. Some of the physical symptoms attributed to disinfection byproducts include coughing, eye and nose irritation, anemia, stomach discomfort, damaged hair and skin. Severe symptoms include wheezing or aggravating asthma. It has also been found that the routine breathing of irritants may increased sensitivity to other types of irritants such as fungi and bacteria. Improperly balanced chlorinated pools can actually cause severe asthma. These findings may explain why swimmers are more prone to exercise induced asthma than athletes in other sports. "Results show that nitrogen trichloride or trichloramine is a cause of occupational asthma in swimming pool workers like lifeguards and swim instructors," says Dr. K. Thickett of the...

Find Another Essay On The Indoor Air Quality of Natatoriums

Policies for Air Quality in the EU

964 words - 4 pages The price to pay because of poor air quality is superior in terms of human lives that due to traffic accidents , thus making it the main environmental cause of premature death in the EU. Poor air quality has an impact on quality of life, as it causes asthma and respiratory problems. The Commission responds by proposing new measures to reduce air pollution, adopted today. The package of policies for clean air is an upgrade of the existing

Air Quality in the Yuba-Sutter Area

1491 words - 6 pages Bad air quality has struck several cities around the world in recent years. It is an important environmental issue that should be dealt with because it is significant to our health. Local areas are especially susceptible to these horrible conditions because of their small stature. The Yuba-Sutter area has had this environmental issue for several years. It is a recurring issue which seems to affect our area every year specifically during the

the turth of air

2750 words - 11 pages difficult for people because contaminants restrict the amount of pure air we need to breathe. Nonetheless, as with every problem, air pollution has a short-term and long-term effect on our health. As reported by the American Lung Association, “The immediate effects are comprised of shortness of breath, asthma attacks, and respiratory infections” (American Lung Association State of the Air). These effects are felt right away when the quality of the

Emperor Of The Air

950 words - 4 pages The short story titled "Emperor of the Air", by Ethan Canin is a very easy to understand narration. It is puzzling to think that such a young writer would have such great insight into the world of an older man, but he most definitely does and it is portrayed through the eyes of the narrator. But the story isn't about just the narrator, it is really about the differences between the narrator and Mr. Pike, the younger, healthier, next door

The Truth of the Air

2527 words - 11 pages How would you feel if you had a loved one ailed/sick or killed because of the dreadful quality of our air? Every year seven million people worldwide pass away because of the poor air quality (7 Million Premature Deaths Annually Linked to Air Pollution). The lives of innocent children, parents, and family members are in danger because of this dilemma. Air pollution has become a constant menace towards our survival on the Earth. So what exactly

The role of quality

1354 words - 5 pages means that if you simply want a car that will get you from A to B, and you're not bothered about having the best car (either in safety or specifications), then the cheapest car that performs to your requirements is seen as being up to the standard and is therefore of sufficient quality.The quality a hotel is denoted by the internationally recognised star rating system, i.e. a 1 star hotel will provide the most basic of comforts, and a 5 star hotel

The Consequences of Air Pollution

1442 words - 6 pages resources for plants and animals. Air pollution today A lot is being done today to make sure that air pollution is not worsening. We have a lot of people working very hard to try and make it get better. During the last 10 years (1986 through 1995), air quality has continued to improve. (EPA Gov. Air trends 2012) It is very good that the air is getting better because if it was more threatening to humans the death rates would keep rising and the

The Quality of Care

1321 words - 5 pages the primary and secondary services. Then there are those employed to work in the home such as carer’s employed by an agency like Somebody Cares. This essay looks to analyse how the quality of the relationship affects the quality of care given and also how it affects the service user’s experience of receiving care using the above examples to illustrate my observations. It is important to recognise that there are differences in relationships within

The History of Air Canda

1335 words - 6 pages The History of Air Canada When examining the major impact of an airline, one should take into account the airline’s history. Air Canada is known as the largest airline of Canada. Air Canada provides scheduled and charter air transport for passengers and cargo up to 178 destinations worldwide (Air Canada, 2013). It is known as the world's ninth largest passenger airline by a number of destinations, and is a founding member of the Star Alliance

The History of Air North

761 words - 4 pages The History of Air North When examining the major impact of an airline, one should take into account the airline’s history. Air North -the Yukon’s airline has been around for 36 years and dates back to the 1970’s. Air North is a regional based carrier that provides service within the Yukon (the westernmost and smallest of Canada’s three federal territories) between the Yukon and British Columbia, Alberta, Northwest Territories and Alaska (Fly

The Birth of Air Transportation

1115 words - 4 pages Air transportation is a vital resource used not only in the United States but throughout the world. The Kelly Act of 1925 was the first step in the integration of air transportation into the daily lives of Americans. This was due in part to the postal service wanting to get more mail to more areas more efficiently back in 1911. The birth of air transportation and the advent of the Federal Aviation Administration took place because of the

Similar Essays

How Outdoor Air Pollution Affects The Quality Of Indoor Air

2000 words - 8 pages transportation is a well-known source of outdoor air pollution, but sometimes our indoor air quality is worse; it can be up to ten times worse for you than the outside air. The revised United States Environmental Protection Agency National Ambient Air Quality Standards (US EPA NAAQS) for Particulate matter PM2.5 and other air pollutants could be exceeded not only outdoors but also indoors. This is based on the different studies on indoor and

How Outdoor Air Pollution Affects The Quality Of Indoor Air

1511 words - 6 pages . Long-term effects Other health effects may show up either years after exposure has occurred or only after frequent or long periods of exposure. These effects, which include some respiratory diseases, cancer and heart disease, can cause severely debilitating or fatal. We need to improve the indoor air quality in our home even if indications are not noticeable. It is really hard to identify what applications or periods of exposure are

Indoor Air Pollution: "Home Is Where The Hazard Is"

1678 words - 7 pages disorders are growing to become more massive in percentage?Indoor air pollution is the compound combination of toxic gases and particles that can harm your health (Air Resource Board, 2006). Indoor air pollution is more commonly overlooked due to the questioning of out door air pollution; even though being affected by indoor pollutants are two to five times more likely than that of outdoor pollutants (Division for Air Quality, 2006). Pollution is a

Air Pollution (Acid Rain, Common Pollutants, Indoor/Outdoor Air Pollution) And Its Effects On The Environment

3640 words - 15 pages have ranked indoor air pollution as one of the top five environmental risks to public health. The American College of Allergists also claims that a whopping 50 percent of all illnesses are caused, or aggravated, by indoor air pollutants. In addition, exposure to animal dander, pet saliva, and dust mites accounts for over 200,000 emergency room visits per year by asthma patients, causing a yearly sum of $13 billion for the healthcare of allergy