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Twentieth Century Evolves To The Twentieth First

880 words - 4 pages

Anderson (2007) claims, “The technological innovations, improved surgical techniques, and revolutions in drug therapies presented another problem: The field of medical ethic, or bioethics as it is now called, had to undergo radical change to keep pace with improvements in diagnosis and patient care” (Anderson, 2007, p. 262). Technology unquestionably created changes in every area of our lives, particularly throughout the last two hundred years, and in no industry is that more clear than the field of medicine. Throughout this time, machines began to assume a bigger role as innovators improved and invented better approaches to diagnose illness and treat wounds. As healthcare continues to evolve, so does restorative technology, and its use in each part of the consideration varieties. In the world of medicine today doctors, nurses, specialist, etc. still use the tools that where created in the early part of the century, but they are trying to improve the use of them with technology. The utilization of x-ray beams rapidly stretched, incorporating into the medicine of malignancy, until it was discovered that radiation caused extreme copies and was interfaced to really bringing on disease. Well-being measures were produced and soon researchers were building off that engineering to make different mechanisms, for example computed tomography, otherwise called CT scans, magnetic resource imaging, or MRI, ultrasound, and positron emission tomography (PET).

Technology in surgical care from the twentieth century has advanced greatly in the twenty-first century, but they share many similarities. Improvements to patient care and inventions are constantly evolving today as they were in the twentieth century. The costs of medical care and effectiveness are still a major concern for health care as they were in the time of Dr. William J. Kolff around the 1950's (Anderson, 2007). In relation to HIV/ AIDS, antiretroviral treatment is still being used as an effective measure to treat the disease. Antiretroviral therapy is being used in several ways to prevent the spread of HIV, to prevent mother to child transmission, post exposure prophylaxis, as well as pre-exposure prophylaxis(Avert, n.d.). With HIV being a major global epidemic, we are still seeing high numbers and new cases arise every year. In the twentieth century the syndrome was the most famous epidemic and still is considered to be so today with many people dying from the disease. In the healthcare community the top priority for HIV/ AIDS for both periods have been prevention and access to treatment. Researchers continue to push forward toward a cure for this epidemic as they did in the twentieth century through clinical trials and exploration. We also see similarities when it comes to the cost of health care treatment. We are...

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