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Twentieth Century World History Essay

1325 words - 6 pages

World History in the Twentieth Century
Essay # 3
Introduction (a road map for the paper. It should introduce the topic, present the thesis, and state the main points of the essay)
The twentieth century has been alternately considered to be either the most advanced and culturally sophisticated hundred years in the history of the world, or the most disastrous and excessively inhumane period. A great deal has been written and spoken in an attempt to determine and document the cause(s) of the excesses of this especially brief but tumultuous one hundred years.
One general theory suggests that the events of the twentieth century were a natural result of the cumulative developments of the previous ...view middle of the document...

Combined effects of political and ideological and other factors
3. Combined effects of economic and ideological and other factors
4. Combined effects of scientific and ideological and other factors
5. Combined effects of industrial and ideological and other factors

Body that uses evidence to support the thesis
1. Social factors have probably been part of the fabric of humanity from earliest times. Unrecorded interactions between Homo sapiens and Neanderthals that occurred thirty thousand years ago conceivably included some considerations of the social prestige and relative standing of the two groups. The twentieth century, however, saw the emergence and refinement of new and dangerous social theories that amounted to justification to annihilate the members of certain groups. The Turks killed an undetermined number (some estimates are as of Armenians in 1915. Many historians see the killings as the killings as the first genocide of the twentieth century. Likewise, Nazi Germany’s hatred of the Jews, and the horrendous lengths that it was will to resort, was not an entirely new development in the twentieth century. But it was certainly exacerbated by parallel developments that were entirely new in the twentieth century. German Nazism subscribed to theories of racial hierarchy and social Darwinism, asserted the superiority of an Aryan master race. This gave it a pseudo-scientific justification for its actions. The Nazis were also able to make unprecedented use of radio and other media to spread their hate propaganda.
2. Political factors have always played a part in the decision made by the leaders of nations. Undoubtedly Alexander the Great of Greece, Julius Caesar of Rome, and the thousands of other rulers have made numerous decisions throughout history, and their effects have been far reaching. In the twentieth century, however, political decisions were made from a slightly different perspective. The imperfect development of democratic processes in several twentieth century governments created anomalies that would play out in ways that no one might have expected. Germany in particular was ruled by an Emperor until the Weimar was created at the end of World War I in 1918.
3. Economic factors have always been a determinant in the wealth of nations, and in their ability to succeed in relation to their neighbors. The wealth of the country’s economy will dictate, to a certain extent, the degree to which its citizens will live well, and the extent that it will be able to maintain a military force and defend itself. The pharaohs of Egypt and the emperors of China undoubtedly had decisions to make regarding how they would allocate their scarce economic resources. A certain part had to be spent on civilian improvements such as bridges and public buildings. Another part had to be spent on the salaries of government officials. Still another part had to be allocated to military sending. These ancient rulers had only a certain amount of available resources...

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