Two Major Issues Facing The World Today: Social Security And The Death Penalty

1453 words - 6 pages

There are two major problems facing our world today. These two problems are social security and the death penalty. People are very concerned about what to do in the future of social security. Should the death penalty be legal?The death penalty is a controversial topic in the United States today and has been for a number of years. The death penalty is currently legal in 38 states. States like New Jersey and Connecticut have yet to carry out executions since reinstating the death penalty, although Connecticut is suspended to carry out its first execution. Texas is at the opposite end of the spectrum, having executed more then 300 people since 1982. The death penalty laws were overturned and then reinstated in the United States during the 1970's due to questions concerning its fairness. The death penalty began to be restored slowly, but the rate of executions has increased during the 1990's (www.amnesty.org). There are a number of arguments in favor of the death penalty. Many death penalty proponents feel that the death penalty reduces crime because it deters people from committing murder if they know that they will receive the death penalty if they are caught. On the other hand many death penalty opponents feel the death penalty is a waste of money. David Kaczynski said that at least $175 million had been spent in New York State on the death penalty litigation since 1995, money he said could have been better spent on victims' families or on crime prevention programs (New York Times, November 18, 2004). Also death penalty opponents will say the death penalty failed to secure due process because of the demonstrated risk of executing an innocent person (www.deathpenaltyinfo.org). Judge Jed S. Rakoff said, "I continue to think that the process is deeply flawed. It posits a very high likelihood that no innocent person is convicted, which I no longer believe to be true." (New York Times, January 2, 2005).Five months after New York's highest court struck down the state's death penalty, lawmakers in Albany have little hope this pear of fixing flaws in the law to put capital punishment back on the books. George E. Pataki signed a law to revive the death penalty on March 7, 1995, fulfilling a campaign promise that helped propel him to victory over Mario M. Cuomo, an ardent opponent of capital punishment.International human rights treaties prohibit anyone under the age of 18 years old at the time of the crime being sentenced to death or executed. Eight countries since 1990 are known to have executed prisoners who were under 18 years old at the time of the crime - China, Congo (Democratic Republic), Iran, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, USA and Yemen. The country which has carried out the greatest number of known executions of child offenders is the USA (19 since 1990) (http://www.amnesty.org).In my opinion, I think there shouldn't be capital punishment. I think this because I believe that it is worse to spend life in jail without parole. This is because they...

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