Two Nursing Theories: Theory On Human Caring And Theory Of Adaptation

1051 words - 4 pages

Jean Watson is a well-respected American nursing theorist who created the Theory on Human Caring. Watson’s concept on caring for a human being is simple, yet has much depth and meaning, and holds strong for nurses to work with compassion, wisdom, love, and caring. The Theory on Human Caring is necessary for every nurse, as it is our job to care for others in a genuine and sensitive way. The theory is extensive; its core foundation is based on nine concepts all interrelated and primarily focused on a nurse giving a patient care with compassion, wisdom, love, and caring (Watson, J., 1999). The nine essential aspects consist of: values, faith-hope, sensitivity, trust, feelings, decision-making, teaching-learning, environment, and human needs. Watson also created the Caritas Process consists of ten different ways of giving care:
1. Practice loving kindness with self and others.
2. Instill faith and hope and honor others.
3. Be sensitive to self and others by nurturing individual beliefs and practices.
4. Develop helping – trusting- caring relationships.
5. Promote and accept positive and negative feelings as you authentically listen.
6. Use creative scientific problem-solving methods for caring decision making.
7. Share teaching and learning that addresses the individual needs and comprehension styles.
8. Create a healing environment for the physical and spiritual self, which respects human dignity.
9. Assist with basic physical, emotional, and spiritual human needs.
10. Open to mystery and Allow miracles to enter ("Caring Moments, Caring Occasions," 2013, p. 3).
It reminds us that every patient is human, in some type of crisis, vulnerable to the environment, deserves respect, and is in need of skilled/knowledgeable nursing care. A nurse will find that if Watson’s theory and process is brought into their own practice of giving care, amazing, unexplainable things might occur one day during their shift We have seen some unbelievable things occur while working as a nurse’s, to be able to witness a sick individual that is hopeless, get well over a period of time, puts a smile on our faces, warms our hearts, and gives us a sense of why we do what we do as a profession.

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Sister Callista Roy is a Professor and Nurse Theorist who developed the theory of adaptation. Roy’s theory views the client as an adaptive system an our goal as nurses is to help the patient adapt to the various changes related to health and illness including physiological needs, self-concept, role function and interdependence. If the client is unable to adapt to these changes then nurses must provide care to help them fulfill those needs (Potter & Perry, 2005, p. 69). “Serious illness may rupture valued goals and challenge perceptions that life is comprehensible and purposeful.” “On the other hand, a preserved or restored sense of personal meaning has been thought to serve as an important resource, enhancing coping and facilitating adjustment to the disruptions and...

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