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Type 1 Diabetes Essay

1279 words - 6 pages

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. It stops a person's pancreas from making insulin. Insulin is a hormone that gives people energy from food. This happens when the body's immune system strikes and shatters the insulin making cells in the pancreas. These are islet cells. Islet cells feel glucose in the blood, and they respond by making enough amount of insulin to normalize blood sugars. Insulin is like toothpaste to your toothbrush it opens your cells, which allows glucose to get in. Glucose allows diabetics to have energy. When there is no insulin the sugar stays and builds up in the blood. When diabetics do not receive insulin the body’s cells starve from the absence of glucose.
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In effect, the foremost people afflicted with diabetes might do was blindly supply himself to the medical institution and beg to be healed. In his book, The Discovery of Insulin, Michael Bliss identified the painful wasting death of the many folks with diabetes before insulin: "Food and drink now not mattered, usually couldn't be taken. A restless sleepiness shaded into semi-consciousness. because the lungs heaved urgently to expel carbonic acid (as carbon dioxide), the dying diabetic took Brobdingnagian gasps of air to undertake to extend his capability. 'Air hunger' the doctors known as it, and therefore the whole method was generally represented as 'internal suffocation.' The out of breath and sighing and sweet smell lingered on because the state of mind became a deep diabetic coma. At that time the family might create its arrangements with the undertaker, for inside a couple of hours death would finish the suffering."
Since insulin's discovery, medical breakthroughs continued to prolong and ease the lives of individuals with diabetes. Since Roger Hinsworth 1935 disovery there have been 2 forms of diabetes: insulin sensitive and insulin insensitive. That is type one and type two diabetes. By distinguishing between the 2 forms of diabetes, Hinsworth helped open up new avenues of treatment.
Starting within the late Thirties, new forms of pork and beef insulin were created to manage diabetes. PZI, a extended acting insulin, created in 1936. NPH insulin in 1938 was sold, and Lente in 1952, containing high levels of atomic number 30 that promotes a extended length of action was fancied.
In the Fifties, oral medications-sulfonylureas were developed for individuals with Type two. These medicine stimulate the duct gland to supply additional insulin, serving to individuals with Type two diabetes keep tighter management over their blood sugars.
Becton-Dickinson introduced the one use syringe in 1961. This greatly reduced the quantity of pain from injections similarly because the long ritual of boiling needles and glass syringes. Diabetes Health member Dr. Nancy Bohannon describes the first syringes: "The needles were monumental, and they came with little rock stones in order that you may sharpen them. They typically became dull and developed barbs on the tip. And so as to sterilize them that they had to be boiled for twenty minutes."
According to American Diabetes Association, there is three types of diabetes: type one, type two, and gestational diabetes. Diabetes can be caused by not having enough insulin. Type one is diagnosed at any age, however is most typical in youngsters, teens and young adults. In type one diabetes, the body doesn't build enough insulin or none in the slightest degree. The treatment for this is shots of insulin. Type two diabetes is that the most typical, that is generally...

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