How can I prevent developing Type 2 Diabetes?
1. Maintaining a healthy body weight: Obesity is one of the most common factors linked to type 2 Diabetes, so regular physical activity will help maintain a healthy body weight, sliming the chances of developing type 2 Diabetes.
2. Making health food choices: Cancelling out fatty fast food and eating in correct proportions and moderation is key!
3. Maintaining blood pressure: Eating healthy and regular exercise will help maintain a healthy blood pressure.
Statistics around Type 2 Diabetes
The graph above shows the leading causes of burden or disease in Australia. The only two increasing are diabetes and dementia. Its predicted that diabetes will be the highest contributor to the disease of burden in Australia by 2023.
(Australian Institute of Health and welfare, 2010)
· 280 Australians develop diabetes every day. That’s one person every 5 minutes.
· Around 1.7 million Australians have diabetes, undiagnosed type 2 diabetes (up to 500,000 estimated).
Government and Community Strategies
National Diabetes Week: running from the 12-18 July. Diabetes Australia encourages everyone to visit their website and test to see if you’re at risk of type 2 diabetes as well as reading a variety of personal stories and facts which make up the campaign.
Life! The Life! Program is a free Victorian program that helps you reduce the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. The program is delivered as a group course or a telephone health coaching service.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 Diabetes is a disease summarized by an inability of the body to utilize blood glucose for energy and is the main form of diabetes. Glucose is released into the bloodstream after eating foods containing carbohydrates (glucose being the most basic form of carbohydrate). Insulin is released (a hormone) by the pancreas which assists cells in absorbing glucose, as blood glucose levels rise. Glucose molecules are then used for energy, which allows cells to complete their normal functions.
Type 2 Diabetes affecting the determinants of health
Biological: Obesity is the biggest risk factor of type 2 diabetes. The relationship is unknown but there many possibilities:
-Fat cells may be more resistant to insulin than muscle cells. Somebody who is obese is naturally more resistant to the effects of insulin therefore high amounts of glucose remain in the bloodstream.
-Insulin producing cells may be destroyed due to high levels of fat in the body.
Behavioural: behaviours which risk obesity also increase the likelihood of type 2 diabetes:
-Low levels of physical...