Schizophrenia is considered one of the most common mental illness worldwide. Although it is a common illness, research has yet determined the initial factors that contribute to the disorder. Everyday schizophrenia affects individuals drastically with some bizarre symptoms, that only themselves understand it. In the following, one will be able to understand and identify each type, what factors contribute to the cause and how individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia function on a daily basis.
Characterized as the “crazy” disorder, schizophrenia is a mental illness that causes an individual to misinterpret reality and fantasy. A lifelong, non-curable disease of the mind that has an individual constantly needing continuous medication, therapy, and in the most severe forms, hospitalization. Schizophrenic individuals have it in their minds that they are being conspired against. They make up elaborate stories that are untrue, but to them, it is very real and they continuously portray feared personalities. They are incapable of understanding other’s feelings, withdraw themselves socially and are concerned with their thoughts and fantasies (Nevid & Rathus et al., 2010)
The most common type of schizophrenia is called Paranoid Schizophrenia. Individuals living with this type of schizophrenic disorder displays paranoid delusions accompanied by hallucinations and perceptual disturbances. They may have some delusions of persecution, exalted births, references, special missions or bodily change (Puri & Treasaden, 2011).
As mentioned earlier, some individuals assume they are being conspired against, therefore they may have a more agitated and fearful personality, which goes hand-in-hand with the delusional thoughts. It is difficult for others to convince them that they are not a target of a plot. People suffering from paranoid schizophrenia may spend a lot of time thinking about how to protect themselves from the person or people they believe are trying to harm them (Addington & Bouchard et al., n.d.).
Symptoms of incoherent speech, shyness, and keep themselves socially withdrawn could be diagnosed with Disorganized Schizophrenia, sometimes called Hebephrenic schizophrenia. Suffering from this type, individuals have a problem getting their words and speech together, it doesn’t make any sense. They have very alarming behavior that is not intentional. Carrying on normal day to day activities like getting up and dressed, bathing and taking care of personal hygiene poses problems.
Individuals may act child-like as adults, completely normal in their eyes, but very off to others. Some of these symptoms are also seen in other types of schizophrenia. The main difference is that in disorganized schizophrenia, there is a lot of strange, aimless behavior and often speech that does not make sense (Nytimes.com, 2013).
Catatonic schizophrenia is the last type of schizophrenia. It is very rare and definitely the most severe. Catatonia, a psychic and motor...