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Types Of Anxiety Disorders Essay

582 words - 3 pages

Introduction
Before taking an exam or going to an important meeting, people usually feel a certain discomfort or uneasiness. This discomfort is a normal human emotion called anxiety. Nevertheless, if the anxiety a person feels affects his capability to live and follow a normal life, this might be elevated to an anxiety disorder. A serious mental disorder, an anxiety disorder is centred on constant fear, worry and anxiety. Obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic disorder, social anxiety disorder generalized anxiety disorder and specific phobias are classifications of anxiety disorders. There are many anxiety disorder tests available especially online that helps screen and determine if a person has an anxiety disorder.

Types of Anxiety Disorders
There are different types of anxiety disorders. They are accompanied by their anxiety disorder symptoms. People suffering from OCD or ...view middle of the document...

People experiencing PTSD or post-traumatic stress disorder have a tendency to be emotionally numb and they often have lasting thoughts of the event from which their disorder stemmed from. PTSD results from a traumatic and distressing event such as an unanticipated death of a loved one, a natural calamity, or a physical or sexual assault. A generalized anxiety disorder makes a person feel unrealistically and extremely worried even if the tremendous anxiety he feels is actually uncalled for. When a fear for a certain situation or object such as heights, spiders or flying is too powerful that it causes a person to deliberately avoid common situations, it is classified into a specific phobia.
General Signs and Symptoms of an Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety disorder symptoms vary depending on which disorder the person is experiencing. There are, however, general signs of anxiety. General signs and symptoms of an anxiety disorder may include unmanageable, obsessive thoughts, recurring flashbacks or thoughts of traumatic events and an inability to maintain composure. Moreover, the person can also suffer from nightmares, sleeping problems and ritualistic behaviours. Symptoms may also manifest physically such as muscle tension, palpitations, breathing difficulties, dizziness, nausea, dryness of the mouth, cold or sweaty hand and/or feet, and tingling sensations or numbing of the hands and/or feet.
Causes of Anxiety Disorders
Like other types of mental illness, anxiety disorders cannot be pinpointed to a flaw in the person’ character, upbringing or own personal weakness. Anxiety disorders can be genetic but the exact cause is still undetermined. The research of scientists who study the field shows that many of these disorders are a combination of factors which include environmental and brain issues. According to studies, long-lasting or intense stress can alter the path of nerve cells and thus change how they pass on information from one region to the next. Furthermore, anxiety disorders may be triggered by environmental factors such as an important event or a traumatic experience.

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