Types of Conditioning and Maslow's Hierarchy
Orange County Community College
The point of writing this paper is to show the different types of conditioning. It is also to make people better understand Maslow's hierarchy. Maslow explains basic needs for the normal person in his hierarchy. Classical and Opperant conditiong are shown in a Clockwork Orange. The film shows how Alex goes up and down the hierarchy. The film also shows in great detail what happens to Alex after classical conditioning. There will be further explanation and details on Watson and Pavlov and how they accomplished classical conditioning. B.F Skinner and Thorndike will show operant conditioning. The film shows good examples of these too.
TYPES OF CONDITIONING AND MASLOW'S HIERARCHY
We use learning in our everyday lives. Conditioning is part of that learning. There are two type of conditioning. Operant and Classical conditioning. Maslow's hierarchy plays a big part in out lives as well.
Classical Conditioning involves the use of stimuli. According to the Psychology Textbook(Nevid, pg 181,2013), it says Classical conditioning “is the process to learning which a previously neutral stimulus comes to elicit a response identical or similar to one that was already elicitied by another stimulus as a result of the pairing or association to the two stimuli.” This is very long winded, and possibly hard to understand. What this definition means is that there are added stimuli to condition something to behave a certain way. Watson was big on this. He conditioned baby Albert to be afraid of anything that was fury. Watson had gotten Albert's mother's permission to perform these tests. Watson wanted to show he could condition someone to be afraid of anything. In this experiment, he took the baby and documented his responses to things such as rabbits and stuffed animals. Albert showed no fear what so ever. Then Watson started pairing these warm, seeminglessly harmless items with very loud background noises. These noises scared Albert. It did not take too long for Albert to be just afraid of the mouse or rabbit crawling all over him. Watson never de-conditioned this poor baby. Therefore, Albert grew up with quite a bit of phobias that would probably not normally have been there. This type of research would not be allowed today.
Then there was Pavlov with his experiment of the dog. This dog was like any other dog. Pavlov took him and put him in a box. The idea of this experiment was to see if he could condition the dog to salivate. To test conditioning, and if this is even working, the researchers use phases. The phases include a UR, which is the unconditioned response. There is also the US which is the unconditioned stimulus. There is also the NS, which is neutral stimulus. When the being is conditioned, then there is the CR and CS, which is the conditioned response and stimulus. Needless to say, by the end of this...