Types Of Poems Essay

2277 words - 9 pages

1. Lyric: subjective, reflective poetry with regular rhyme scheme and meter which reveals the poet's thoughts and feelings to create a single, unique impression.Matthew Arnold, "Dover Beach"William Blake, "The Lamb," "The Tiger"Emily Dickinson, "Because I Could Not Stop for Death"Langston Hughes, "Dream Deferred"Andrew Marvell, "To His Coy Mistress"Walt Whitman, "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking"2. Narrative: nondramatic, objective verse with regular rhyme scheme and meter which relates a story or narrative.Samuel Taylor Coleridge, "Kubla Khan"T. S. Eliot, "Journey of the Magi"Gerard Manley Hopkins, "The Wreck of the Deutschland"Alfred, Lord Tennyson, "Ulysses"3. Sonnet: a rigid 14-line verse form, with variable structure and rhyme scheme according to type:a. Shakespearean (English)--three quatrains and concluding couplet i iambic pentameter, rhyming abab cdcd efef gg or abba cddc effe gg. The Spenserian sonnet is a specialized form with linking rhyme abab bcbc cdcd ee.Robert Lowell, "Salem"William Shakespeare, "Shall I Compare Thee?"b. Italian (Petrarchan)--an octave and sestet, between which a break in thought occurs. The traditional rhyme scheme is abba abba cde cde (or, the sestet, any variation of c, d, e).Elizabeth Barrett Browning, "How Do I Love Thee?"John Milton, "On His Blindness"John Donne, "Death, Be Not Proud"4. Ode: elaborate lyric verse which deals seriously with a dignified theme.John Keats, "Ode on a Grecian Urn"Percy Bysshe Shelley, "Ode, to the West Wind"William Wordsworth, "Ode: Intimations of Immortality"5. Blank Verse: unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter.Robert Frost, "Birches"John Milton, "Paradise Lost"Theodore Roethke, "I Knew a Woman"William Shakespeare, MacbethRobert Frost, "Mending Wall"6. Free Verse: unrhymed lines without regular rhythm.Walt Whitman, "The Last Invocation"William Carlos Williams, "Rain," "The Dance"Richard Wilbur, "Juggler"7. Epic: a long, dignified narrative poem which gives the account of a hero important to his nation or race.Lord Byron, "Don Juan"John Milton, "Paradise Lost"Homer, "The Iliad," "The Odyssey"8. Dramatic Monologue: a lyric poem in which the speaker tells an audience about a dramatic moment in his/her life and, in doing so, reveals his/her character.Robert Browning, "My Last Duchess"T. S. Eliot, "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"9. Elegy: a poem of lament, meditating on the death of an individual.W. H. Auden, "In Memory of W. B. Yeats"John Milton, "Lycidas"Theodore Roethke, "Elegy for Jane"Alfred, Lord Tennyson, "In Memoriam.A. H. H."10. Ballad: simple, narrative verse which tells a story to be sung or recited; the folk ballad is anonymously handed down, while the literary ballad has a single author.John Keats, "La Belle Dame sans Merci"Edward Arlington Robinson, "Richard Cory"William Butler Yeats, "The Fiddler of Dooney"11. Idyll: lyric poetry describing the life of the shepherd in pastoral, bucolic, idealistic terms.Alfred, Lord Tennyson, "Idylls of the King"William...

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