Methods Of Political Control For The Roman And Gupta/Mauryan Empires

1847 words - 7 pages

During the time of (31 B.C.E-476 C.E) the Roman Empire had been ruled by a series of Roman emperors who had been increasingly dependent for the highly structured state of bureaucracy. The Gupta/Mauryan during the time of (320 B.C.E-520 C.E.) was by way of imperial power based on family lineage. The roman heartland was centered in Italy even after Italy had been conquered it still stayed at that single peninsula that had been bounded by the Mediterranean Sea and the Alp Mountains. As for the Mauryan Empire had been located in India but the empire was brought to its greatest extent in the northwest of Afghanistan and to the east for the Bay of Bengal, also for sometime the Deccan peninsula toward the south. The Gupta first began in the Ganges Valley because of a marriage that had proceeded. Rome had more detailed evidence left behind then the Gupta/Mauryan Empires had for personal records. Each of these Empires were able to establish military power, administrative centers, and currency during their time of ruling. A similarity between Rome and the Gupta/Mauryan Empires is they had regulated the language for everyone in their Empires, while a difference is the Roman Empire had centralized power that had caused rebellions to take place, as for the Gupta/Mauryan Empires, it gave more of their power to the local government needs.
Since the beginning, Rome had been a military state it was central to its life and they had excelled in the technique of organization and technology. Since the Romans had established a formal language they were able to communicate with one another. The Romans had conquered anything that they had seen weakness in and this had eventually made their Empire as large as 60 million people. Their strategy for military combat had been least experienced in the front to most experienced in the back. The Romans greatest defeat had been Carthage, the greatest sea power during their day. Their philosophy was if you want to be a free man, then you will serve in the army and so during the Roman day, a great majority of men were in the army. Rome had let regions decide on whether creating alliances with the Romans or be conquered by them. Either way, Rome became the largest known Empire of that day and age. Since their Empire expanded so greatly, their knowledge for language, trade, administrative power, and tools had spread as well.
Thus creating a unified language throughout the Roman Empire and other regions, this had also taken place for the Gupta/Mauryan Empires. Since the Roman Empire’s greatest threat had been their military, a majority of the power within the Empire came from generals. The Gupta/Mauryan military power was not as extensive as the Romans. During the rule of Chandra Gupta, he had slowly started to form a control over neighboring territories in India, unlike the Roman Empire immediately beginning to conquer other regions. The Mauryan Empire under the rule of Chandragupta Maurya had used hegemony to gain power over the...

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