The Four Types Of Pollution Essay

1464 words - 6 pages

Earth today is polluted and suffered greatly from irresponsible human’s activities and has become crucial issue for a long time. Pollution is a state where environment is being dirty. Holdgate (1979) proposed that pollution is the introduction of matters or energy into the environment by man that caused adverse impacts. There are four well-known types of pollution which are air, water, soil, and noise pollution (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1).
First pollution exist is air pollution. Both natural and human is the cause of air pollution. Burning fossil fuel, household and emission from industries are pollutions that human-based while natural phenomenon such as volcanic eruptions, thunderstorm and phytoplankton blooming is natural air pollution. According to Kemp (1990) the weak carbonic acid such as nitric acid which provides sufficient energy for the synthesis of oxides of nitrogen is produced because of the absorption of carbon dioxide by atmospheric water and during thunderstorms. From the ocean, during phytoplankton seasonal bloom period, they emit sulphur and takes form of dimethyl sulphide (DMS) which is oxidized into SO2 and methane sulphonic acid (MSA) .Volcanic eruptions or forest fires also release sulphur dioxide (SO2) into the atmosphere to provide the essential component for the creation of sulphuric acid. In modern atmospheric pollution, acid rain is the common effects that occur. Human activities can produces acid precipitation that differs from natural acid precipitation in both origins and quality. A solution with a pH of 4.0 is ten times more acidic than one of pH 5.0 and a solution of 3.0 pH is one hundred times more acidic than one of pH 5.0 (Kemp , 1990). Besides that, global warming also is the effect of air pollution. According to Kemp (1990) the rising levels of greenhouse gases are the cause of the increases of the greenhouse effect. The frequent use of fossil fuels has released large amounts of CO2 and also the annihilation of natural greenery preventing the environment from restoring the balance.
Water pollution can defined as change in the physical, chemical, radiological or biological quality of the water caused by man or due to man’s activities that is injurious to existing, intended, or potential uses of the water ( Novotny and Olem, 1994). Water pollution is a serious problem for the entire world. It threatens the health and well-being of living organism. Water pollution occurs when energy and other materials are released, degrading the quality of the water for other users. But more often than not, human actions are responsible. Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies like lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater that very often by human activities (Funk, 2004).One of water pollution that has caused serious environmental and health problems are the pollutants coming from chemical and industrial processes. When factories and manufacturers pour their chemicals and livestock wastes...

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