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Types Of Tea In China And Japan

1040 words - 5 pages

Preface
Today, tea has become a famous drink in the world. There are numerous types of tea in China and Japan. The main Japanese tea is Sencha, Genmaicha and so on. In China, the Green tea, Black tea, Oolong teas are very common. There can be various mixtures of flowers with green tea, black tea and oolong tea . In China, tea can be used as a gift for business and etiquette. However in Japan, tea is a kind of art. Japanese tea art is famous all over the world.
this term paper, will compare and contrast the Chinese and Japanese tea types. The quality of tea and tea arts. As I am a tea lover, I would gain more tea knowledge about the two types of tea and its culture.

Introduction

In China, there is a well-known legend of “Shen Nong Tasting Hundred Plants” . He tasted many kinds of plants to test them as food or medicine. One day, after walking for a long time, he felt tired and thirsty, so he rested under a tree and started a fire to boil water in a pot. Suddenly some leaves fell into the pot from a nearby tree. He drunk the water and found it not only sweet and tasty, but refreshing as well. Shen Nong felt less tired, so he went on to drink all the water from the pot that was how tea is found. In Tang Dynasty, the Chinese tea and tea culture was spread to eastern countries, especially Japan. Though tea originated in China, but it was carried forward in Japan.

Background information
At the beginning,tea was appreciated for its medicinal qualities. It has long been known that tea helps in digestion, which is why many Chinese prefer to drink it after their meal. Tea hastens the discharge of nicotine from the body, this is an interesting side effect for smokers who like drinking tea. Chinese tea culture has been spread to Japan in the Emperor Wendi of the Sui Dynasty (581-601) by some monks who studied Buddhism in China. In the following year, they returned to Japan with Buddhist scripture s including Chinese tea seeds, which were planted on the mountains of Japan. They learnt how to use stone mortar to process the tea, as well as the skills of processing tea by steaming, pounding and roasting. Soon, the Japanese were encouraged to drink tea like the Chinese people of the Tang Dynasty.

Kinds of tea:
• Sorts of tea in China
o Green tea
Freshly handpicked tea leaves only go through heating and drying processes, but do not go through fermentation . This allows the leaves to keep their original color and maintain natural substances like polyphenols and chlorophyll found in the leaves. This kind of tea is produced all over China and is the most popular.
o Red tea / black tea
The tea leaves are entirely fermented giving them a stronger taste and a dimmer color. Matched to other tea kinds, its flavor lasts for a long time and has the highest concentration of caffeine. This is the most popular form of tea in South Asia.
o Oolong tea
Oolong tea leaves are partially fermented, giving...

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