This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

U.S. Bilingual Education Viewed From Abroad

4510 words - 18 pages

U

U.S. Bilingual Education Viewed From Abroad

When children arrive at school with a language other than the school language, immigrant or indigenous,education�systems throughout the world respond by ignoring or subjugating that language, allowing a transitional phase from the home to the school language, or using both languages in school for a prescribed period. The United States, like most countries of the world, provides�education�for immigrant and indigenous bilingual children. It has also experimented with schools that turn monolingual English language children into bilinguals, but to a much lesser extent than does its neighbor, Canada.

Whereas bilingual�education�is nearly universal, North America generally has the most precisely defined methods and approaches, models, and systems of bilingual�education. Canada has internationally exported the French-language immersion model, but from the United States, models such as mainstreaming (submersion), transitional bilingual�education, and dual-language�education�(two-way immersion) have been publicized internationally. However, the United States has since the late 1990s received worldwide attention for its politicization of bilingual�education�and for moving to an increasingly subtractive, assimi-lationist form of�education�for immigrant children. In short, more than other societies, the United States has tended to view bilingualism and multilingualism as liabilities rather than as assets. What makes the United States internationally distinct in the early 21st century is its fierce political debates about bilingualeducation, and the official discouragement of the prolonged study of languages in schools, in a shrinking world that needs bilingual�education�more than ever.

In this entry, particular dimensions of bilingual�education�reveal the positioning of the United States within international conversations concerning this subject. These dimensions are neither independent nor comprehensive, but illustrate where the United States has separately influenced, provoked, and become estranged from international movements in bilingual�education.

History of Bilingual�Education

Within every country, bilingual�education�needs to be understood against the political, economic, and social�history of that region. In Canada, for example, one root of bilingual�education�in that country was initiated by the St. Lambert experiment that launched Canadian immersion�education�in the 1960s. In Wales, bilingual�education�is often traced to the first elementary bilingual school in Aberystwyth in 1939. In the United States, bilingual�education�is variously historically contextualized in terms of the fate of Native American languages, responses to European immigration in the 18th to 20th centuries, as an offshoot of the civil rights movement, and in response to the immigration of Cuban exiles following Fidel Castro's revolution in the 1960s. The historical con-textualization of bilingual�education�in...

Find Another Essay On U.S. Bilingual Education Viewed From Abroad

Bilingual Education in the United States

2413 words - 10 pages Bilingual Education in the United States Aside from Native Americans, there are no indigenous "Americans" to speak of in the United States. The U.S. is therefore a large immigrant nation whose history has grown out of its ability to bring together people of different cultures, ethnicities, religions and backgrounds. This is why the United States is often considered to be the world's "melting pot." However, despite the fact that America is

bilingual education Essay

552 words - 2 pages , where they receive individual and concentrated instruction on the learning of English.There are many other types of bilingual education but some may not apply to the bilingual requirements. May not technically be bilingual education as to the format of teaching may be in other foreign languages.Pros and consProsmost effective way to teach limited English proficiencybilingual education students have much to offer from their diversified languages

Research Paper

999 words - 4 pages “English Language Learners”- those who have not yet achieved proficiency in English- in the 2009-2010 school year, or about 10 percent of children enrolled, according to the most recent figures available for the U.S. Department of Education (Armario).” Also in 2011 there were 7 percent of fourth-graders and 3 percent of eighth-graders, that scored proficient or above on a nationwide reading exam, out of the thousands that are in bilingual programs at

Bilingual Education System in Singapore

1024 words - 5 pages describe 3 beneficial aspects namely, enabling learners to study abroad, biliteracy, more choices in resources and literature. Singapore consists of 3 major ethic groups: 77% Chinese, 14% Malay and 8% Indian (Singapore Department of Statistics, 2002); According to the department the interdependence hypothesis of the second language suggests that a strong first language is the best foundation for the second one. The policy of bilingual education was

Future of Bilingual Education

2359 words - 9 pages by the U.S. Department of Education in the article "Two-Way Bilingual Education Programs in Practice: A National and Local Perspective," it states that "Bilingual Education students develop dual language proficiency by receiving instruction in English and another language in a classroom that is usually comprised of half native speakers of English and half native speakers of the target language" ("U.S. Department of Education"). This is basically

The Roots of Bilingual Education

1256 words - 5 pages The Roots of Bilingual Education A historical perspective on bilingual education is written in the article "Bilingual Education Traces its U.S. Roots to the Colonial Era" in the magazine Education Week. The author begins by writing, "Bilingual education has been part of the immigrant experience in America since the Colonial periods, when native-language schooling was the rule rather than the exception" (21). When immigrant groups

Bilingual Education: Improving One’s Life

1534 words - 6 pages would be that “the United States is failing to graduate enough students with expertise in foreign languages” (Saiz, and Zoido 523). In 2009, there were 38,517,234 immigrants in the U.S. (Batalova and Aaron). In 2011, 23 percent of children from elementary school and secondary school in California had LEP, or limited English proficiency (Percent Limited English Proficient Student). Bilingual education is one way of teaching a child in his or her own

Bilingualism in the United States

2987 words - 12 pages foundation, while also meeting the wide-ranging needs of different student. Lastly, let's look into other possible conflicts with the idea of a bilingual society. To instigate a bilingual education system, choosing only two languages from the numerous present in the U.S., could decrease the nation’s unity and morality. A nation as proud of its multitude of cultures as ours could not fairly pick one language above all others to be included into

America The

725 words - 3 pages Over the past hundred years Americans have concurred great depths of racism. E pluribus unum, one out of many, is on our Seal of The United States, which is placed on all of our money. Sadly we have not come as far as we may think. In John Benson’s article, The Fight For Bilingual Education Programs In The U.S. published by The Huffington Post, Benson addresses the paramount issue that still exists here in the United States will public schools

Americans Must Share a Common Language, English

2213 words - 9 pages Angeles taught students in some combination of English, Spanish, and Korean. Cahuenga's students were able to read and write in English at levels higher than that of their peers throughout the nation, even though most came from homes where no English is spoken.[10] Critics of bilingual education claim that non-English proficient students are discriminated against by being segregated for a long period of time from mainstream classes. Many others believe

How the Federal Bilingual Education Act of 1968 Ended the War on Poverty

1929 words - 8 pages The purpose of this paper is to examine how the Federal Bilingual Education Act of 1968, ended the War on Poverty. Bilingual education is the use of more than one language to deliver curriculum content. The bilingual education system is designed for students to become proficient in English, and also encourage students to become bi-cultural; and function in two, or more linguistic and cultural groups. The policy expressed U.S commitment to the

Similar Essays

Bilingual Education In U.S. Public Schools 7 Pages Research Paper

1730 words - 7 pages disadvantages. As Maria Brisk observes, "Much of the debate on bilingual education is politically motivated, more suitable for talk shows than for improving schools" (Rojas 1). And indeed, ESL programs are viewed more as a tool to solve multiple social problems (which, certainly, are also important) - minority groups' rights, language diversity, melting pot, the unity of the country, a threat to the existence of dominant culture, and so on - instead of

America Benefits Greatly From Bilingual Education

2281 words - 9 pages safe transition, students don't fall behind in their lessons, and parents are not alienated from their children's education. Bilingual education allows for an emotionally safe transition. This program lets children communicate in their native tongue, while being exposed to a new language. It's hard enough to be "the new kid" in school. It is easy to imagine the difficulty children have not being able to communicate with anyone and not

Bilingual Education Emerged From The Elementary And Secondary Education Act Of 1968

1618 words - 6 pages , studies showed that 95% of the children involved in Cambodian bilingual classes were born in the U.S. and speak fluent English yet they are being taught their native language for most of the school day and only half-hour or so of English. Ada Jimenez shared her grandson’s experience with bilingual education and how it has not shown any improvement on her grandson’s English abilities. She said “My grandson was in bilingual education from

Bilingual Education: Exploring An Educational Issue

1395 words - 6 pages . . . The paucity of qualified candidates has forced desperate superintendents to waive some credentialing requirements and recruit instructors from abroad. The result is teachers who themselves struggle with English.” (Headden, 1995) In this case, the demand for ESL teachers does not get fulfilled with teachers that have the right qualifications, so in turn the standards are lowered. Critics of bilingual education also attribute ineffectiveness of