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U.S. Border Problem Essay

716 words - 3 pages

How complicated can it be to secure the borderland? Nearly 2,000 miles and five states form the Southern border of the United States. Although the nation puts a lot of effort and resources on trying to secure the border, the Southern border remains as one of the most conflictive, active and violent borders in the world. The U.S.-Mexican border is very problematic: Thousands of people try to cross it everyday, violence is generated by the Mexican cartels, and there is an increase on human trafficking. The Border Patrol and the U.S. government face many great challenges, as the cartels become more powerful and corruption increases.
In the United States, there are approximately 10 million illegal immigrants: 62% are Mexicans, 12% come from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, and 6% come from Philippines, India and South Korea (Richwine). There are many reasons why people cross the border each day, such as escaping violence, having a better life, or getting new opportunities, but there are also many reasons why illegal immigrants represent a problem for the country. Bill Armistead, Alabama's Republican Party chairman, declared that: “Illegal immigrants have become a drain on our state resources and a strain on our taxpaying, law-abiding citizens.” When illegal immigration is too big, the economy can be greatly affected. It can have a positive impact, since services and goods become less expensive, but it can also be negative when companies start bargaining American worker’s wages, in order to match what they would pay to an illegal immigrant (Jost).
Mexican drug cartels have become a major problem, not only for Mexico’s sovereignty, but also for the U.S. security. Throughout the years, the Mexican cartels have gained a lot of power and have become more sophisticated; they distribute most illicit drugs in he U.S. and supply 230 cities. The cities that are affected the most by the cartels are Phoenix and Tucson, which are major distribution centers (Weiner). The drug cartels have also reached the Border Patrol. In the last seven years, 103 officers from the U.S Customs and Border Protection have been arrested due to...

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