In the year of 1787, our founding fathers developed a document that framed the laws and rights given to the citizens of the United States. This document, the Constitution, was created in an attempt to guard the nation from tyranny. Through the ideas of federalism, the separation of powers, checks and balances, and small state- large state compromise, the Constitution was able to successfully guard against tyranny in the United States.
First, the Constitution constructed federalism as a way to guard the nation from tyranny. Federalism created power that was shared between the state governments and the national government. The states were in charge of local powers while the national government was in charge of the nation as a whole. For example, as shown in Document A, the states had the power to hold elections, establish schools, and set up local governments. The national government was in charge of regulating change, declaring war, and regulating trade. Federalism gave double security to the people because there was a balance of power between the states and the nation. It was able to prevent tyranny because both the states and the nation had equal power, therefore preventing either side from gaining absolute power.
Second, the Constitution separated the powers of government into three parts in order to prevent tyranny. The government was separated into the legislative branch, executive branch, and judicial branch. As shown in Document B, the legislative branch was made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The executive branch was vested in the power of the president and vice president. Finally, the judicial branch was powered by one Supreme court and other inferior courts. The legislative power made the laws, the executive power enforced them, and the judicial branch determined if the laws were broken. With this system, each branch had certain jobs that helped guard against tyranny by preventing any one branch from having too much power.