U.S. is the largest economy in the world and one of the major energy producer and consumer, thus, it is only reasonable for the global community to expect from U.S. to lead the charge in the fight against global warming. Due to its economic and political advantage on the global stage, U.S. is in a position to set powerful precedents for other countries. The fight against global warming is not only being led in the U.S. in the public arena but private sector is also playing a major role by making significant investments in cleaner and sustainable technologies. One thing is clear that the government is serious in gaining energy independence through development of reliable and cleaner energy sources that would also help the country significantly lower its carbon emissions.
The most important public agency in the U.S. to lead the charge against global warming is Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The agency employs various tools to increase awareness, fund research, and influence energy consumption patterns. First of all, the agency creates rules and standards to influence organizational and individual behaviors. EPA is now working on Carbon Pollution Standards to regulate power plants, the largest source of carbon pollution in the country. The agency also works closely with the private sector to implement programs that resulted in reduction of 345 million metric tons of greenhouse gases in 2010 alone. Similarly, the agency funds a number of research activities to better understand climate change as well as develop policies that may be effective in combating it. The agency also provides consultation services to state, local, and tribal governments (United States Environmental Protection Agency).
Climate change is getting attention at the highest levels of U.S. Government now, with President Obama personally committed to the fight against global warming. Earlier this year, President Obama reiterated that we have to do something about global warming before it’s too late. He even instructed the State Department not to approve the construction of the XL pipeline until it can be proven that the project will not lead to a net increase in greenhouse gas emissions. He claimed that the project’s climate impact will need to be understood before deciding whether the project should be allowed to move forward. In his final term, President Obama’s strategy to combat global warming has three main elements which are cutting carbon emissions, preparing the country for impacts of climate change, and leading international efforts against carbon pollution. The President has not been afraid to use his executive powers to lead government efforts against global warming (Graves).
The U.S. Government understands its political leverage and has been using it to lead the international efforts against global warming. In December 2009, the U.S. and other countries agreed to reduce their carbon emissions in a transparent manner under the Copenhagen Accord. The Cancun...