U.S. Free Trade With China Essay

2822 words - 11 pages

U.S. Free Trade with China

Sino-American relations have always been characterized as complex and
tumultuous. Presently, the United States must reach a decision that would drastically
affect the politics, environments, militaries, technology, and most importantly the
economies of both nations. This problem the United States must face is whether it ought
to allow China's entry into the World Trade Organization. There is much hesitation in
taking such steps as American protectionists are weary of a nation whose expanding
economy could further "Chinese influence in American politics as a result of Donorgate;
continued doubts about Beijing's dismal human rights record; and worries about the U.S.
trade imbalance with China- $40 billion and growing." (Shribman 44) Yet there are also
many benefits to free trade which outweigh the negative. Sino-American free trade will
boost US sales to the world's most populous nation, while building diplomatic relations,
and ultimately liberalizing China both politically and socially. (Christian Science Monitor
98)
China, a country in East Asia, is the world's third largest country by area
(after Russia and Canada) and the largest by population. China's most populous city is
its capital, Beijing. Officially People's Republic of China, it is bounded on the north by
the Republic of Mongolia and Russia; on the northeast by Russia and North Korea; on
the east by the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea; on the south by the South China Sea,
Vietnam, Laos, Burma (Myanmar), India, Bhutan, and Nepal; on the west by Pakistan,
Afghanistan, and Tajikistan; and on the northwest by Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. China
includes more than 3400 offshore islands, of which Hainan, in the South China Sea, is by
far the largest. The total area of China is about 9,571,300 sq. km (about 3,695,000 sq.
mi.), not including Nationalist China, known officially as the Republic of China
(Butler/Encarta 1996)
The formation of the Chinese Weltanschauung (world view) can be
explained, in part, by the historical and political evolution of China as it emerged from
semi-colonial subservience. At the beginning of the twentieth century, China was a
weak and divided country under the corrupt rule of the Manchu dynasty. Exploited by
the so-called "open door," China had been subjected to the degradation of imperialism
and the spheres of influence imposed by the major Western powers, including Japan. As
a consequence of foreign economic penetration and intervention, one of the main
currents of Chinese political thought that emerged was a distinct xenophobia that
resented any foreign involvement in Chinese affairs. Not only were foreign values and
culture rejected, but this was paralleled by a reaffirmation of Chinese nationalism. The
various strains of political thought that combined to form the ideological fabric of the
PRC cannot be fully understood without first examining the historical background that
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