Yemen, a Middle Eastern country is located in the Southern Arabian Peninsula in an area what is known as the Horn of Africa. Like most Middle Eastern countries, it is a country that is rich in vast cultural beliefs but also facing many hardships. It is also one of the countries in that area that the United States must show and have an active interest regarding foreign policy. One of the main reason that the U.S. must have an active interest in the region is it has the potential to become a key site in the war on terror as a safe haven for terrorist organizations. At this time Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula has a strong presence there. (Temple-Raston, 2010) There are many key factors that can lead to Yemen becoming one of these safe havens. At this time, the political arena in the Middle East has been in turmoil in the past few months with public uprisings and ousting of leaders in Egypt. Yemen is not an exception. Yemen is a country on the brink of financial collapse, along with natural resources drying up. Yemen has a high poverty rate, a high illiteracy rate of people that can’t read and a young population. All of these factors and more will determine that different amount of resources the U.S. will pour into a country to help with their interest in combating the war on terror.
The first alternative in dealing with a country is in a diplomacy area. Diplomacy with Yemen has been an up and down battle. Yemen itself has been a country that has struggled to attain a national bond within its people. The country unified between the north and the south in 1990. It 1994 the country had a short war brought on by the South, but that attempt for succession failed. The President of Yemen is President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who has been in power since 1978, first with the North and then as the countries President when it unified. (Engdahl, 2010).
The U.S. sees President Ali Abdullah Saleh as not being a strong leader but at this time as a backer to the fight war on terrorism. The question lies in how much political influence the U.S. should put in to country at this time. Yemen is following the wave of the upheaval in the Middle East in attempting to oust their current leader. The U.S. has involved themselves little in the upheavals except to say let the voice of democracy work. Diplomacy there has been an option in the past for the U.S. for example back in 1991, Yemen did not support the Gulf War, the U.S. along with other countries pulled back some of the non-humanitarian support for the country of Yemen. (Affairs, 2010) With President Ali Abdullah Saleh, in power right now, the U.S. can use this gain support from him to aid the U.S. in the war on terrorism. On the other hand if the U.S. sees that a new leader may rise to power, then the U.S. may withdrawal its financial support for their president publically, as it might see the need to position itself politically.
Economically, what country is not struggling in the world today?...