Japan is considered by the United States as an important foreign policy partner, especially in the security arena (Chanlett-Avery, 2013). As strong allies, both the U.S. and Japan work closely together in order to contain the rising China. That is also because of the fact that despite Washington’s take for a neutral position in the regarding the Islands, the U.S. is compelled to re-affirm its commitment under Article V of the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security (Jiji Press English News Service, 2012). Hence, the United States has to support Japan with their territorial claims.
In 2010, Washington expressed its extended support to the Japanese administration after Chinese trawlers rammed a Japanese vessel (Godement, 2011: 14). They affirmed their commitment of alliance through the strengthening their military ties as the U.S. saw that China’s rising power had resulted into a threat to its neighbouring states. Hence, coming from the U.S.-Japan Security Alliance, the United States deploys 49,000 troops and military assets in the bases of Japan to monitor peace and security in the Asia-Pacific region and at the same tie “seek and manage relations with China” (Chanlett-Avery, 2013).
In spite of the United States’ attempt to support neither Japan nor China regarding the territorial dispute, Japan continues to rely on the security alliance with the U.S. (Su, 2012: 3). Japan’s Prime Minister, Shinzō Abe, is considered as one of the examples, in which even coming from a very nationalistic background, strongly supports the U.S.-Japan security alliance (Chanlett-Avery, 2013: 4). Indeed, the treaty signed by both countries have deeply left an impact on the relations between the two states since Japan relies heavily on the United States should there be any security threats, whilst the U.S. gains geographical advantage in surveying the Asia-Pacific region. Therefore, Washington is more inclined to give its discreet support towards Japan regarding the territorial disputes over the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands.
Fundamentally, the United States implements the means of ‘rebalancing strategy’ to intentionally show its support to Japan. Furthermore, as the U.S. becomes more reliant with its allies, Japan on the other hand, had become more assertive in their sovereignty (Su, 2012: 1). In this sense, with the support of the U.S. to Japan’s role in implementing the strategy, Tokyo’s military perspective is...