U.S. Policy Toward Political Islam Essay

4393 words - 18 pages

What is the political approach towards Islamic countries? How does it affect other countries? Is there a stereotype for Islam? Currently, the Middle East is behind every other country regarding integration of global economy. Their basic infrastructure is inadequate. The country is officially Islamic. Islam is the name of their religion which means "submission." A Muslim is a believer or a follower of this religion. The word Muslim means "one who submits." There are five Islamic principles or pillars. They are as follows:1)Shahadah - There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his profit.2)Salat - establishing of the five daily prayers.3)Zakat - the paying of alms, money or produce that is given to the poor.4)Sawm - fasting5)Hajj - the pilgrimage to Mecca.People of Muslim faith believe God sent Muhammad. He is considered to be in the same family of prophets as Isaiah and Jesus. It is believed that Muhammad is the "seal" or the last one of the covenants. Islam is a communal faith which is practiced jointly by the community of believers. They believe in "Dar Al-Islam" or the "path of righteousness."The influence of Islam has caused political division in states. There are thirteen Arab states that are Muslim. There are two remaining states, Iran and Israel. The people of Iran are ethnically Persian, and Israel is considered a wild-card.TerrorismTerrorism can be defined as premeditated, politically motivated violence directed against civilians and noncombatants. Terrorism is carried out by nongovernmental agents. No government is behind it. It is very secretive. Terrorists hide within societies making it extremely difficult to find and remove them. It is done with intent. Terrorism is rooted in the culture of fear and is intended to influence a particular audience. The men and women committing these crimes believe that they are just because they are fighting for what they consider to be a "greater good." They differ from normal criminals because they believe that they are right. They also suffer from "true believer syndrome," someone who will do anything for what they believe in. Terrorists believe that they will eventually win.Muslims, Terror, and the Western ViewAlthough most Muslims oppose terrorism, the oppression of women, and religious intolerance, these are the most common views of the Muslim faith to the people of the West. These popular misconceptions about Islam which have been played up by the government, pop culture, and the media have made it hard to chance the U.S. foreign policy regarding political Islam. (Zunes, 2001)According to the National Intelligence Council, there will be very large gains in religious "activists" involving many youth. Experts believe that there will be "elevated numbers of radical advocates, including Muslim extremists." The youth bulges are expected to take place in most West African and Middle Eastern counties until 2005-2010. The effects could be detrimental and the problems associated with them will last long...

Find Another Essay On U.S. Policy Toward Political Islam

Somalia at War Essay

1073 words - 4 pages haven country for the likes of al-Qaeda. Works Cited Dagne, Ted, The Horn of Africa: Current Conditions and U.S. Policy, Congressional Research Service, June 2010, pg 1-11 Floyd, Kathryn H., Somalia’s Stability and Security Situation in Review, International Centre for Political Violence and Terrorism Research, July 2010, pg 1-12. Lukunka, Barbra L., Border War Changes Lives, Chart, Retrieved on 18 March 2012 from, http://www2

Indonesian Democracy and Islam: Midterm Essay

994 words - 4 pages periods of fair elections in Indonesia (i.e., elections in 1999, 2004, and 2009), it has become clear that there has been a decreased preference of political Islam and a strengthened support for a secular state. As such, in order to explain the compatibility of Indonesian Islam and democratization, this paper will analyze the levels of democratic consolidation in Indonesia influenced by Islam, the rise of cultural Islam in response to the

Saudi Arabia

916 words - 4 pages the religious title “Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques.” Saudi Arabia, along with several other Islamic states, joined the U.S. in hindering aggression by the country of Iraq toward Kuwait in the Persian Gulf War of the early 1990s. Islamic militants have become more and more upset about Saudi Arabia’s policy of close ties with Western countries such as the United States. In October 1994, the Saudi government, in an attempt to curb radicalism among

Religious Tolerance After September 11th

1510 words - 6 pages views toward all those practicing Islam.Our country is made up of many different people with many different religious beliefs, but Christians are the majority in the public, and the overwhelming majority in our national government. As much as our political leaders state that they in no way discriminate against anyone, there have clearly been several changes in policy affecting only certain citizens and non-citizens living in our country. One

What Women and Islam Have in Common

822 words - 3 pages with her spouse since marriage is based upon mutual responsibilities toward each other. Islam has also ensured the woman's right to remarry pending a three month refrainment period. As for social rights, Islam has always recognized the prominent role that women play in society. They are given the freedom to pursue any profession including political positions. Both in the past and present day, women in Islamic societies have reached political

Short Answer Questions on Foreign Policy

831 words - 4 pages Question #3: Looking at the last 6 months, what issues have defined our foreign policy in the Middle East. This should be an action-based assessment. What interests do these policy points serve and why? The Palestinian-Israeli conflict has been an issue that definitely defined The U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East. Israel is an ally of the U.S. that receives a lot of foreign aid from the states. It’s a priority for the U.S. to protect

Prejudice against Muslims and Islamic Fundamentalism

1069 words - 4 pages . Islam relations with foreign countries have the most profound impact on political stability. These relations aren’t directly affecting the Islamic nations’ political stability as much as the nations’ they are interacting with. Take example, the United States. Ever since September 11, 2001 Americans have been divided over the issue of Muslims in America, this issue has been dividing our country more than theirs. Liberals believe the U.S. government

Reanalyze the Relationship of the West and Islamic Civilization Future

1502 words - 7 pages stated that Muslims unable to accept democracy because of the nature of Islamic law and this situation potentially lead to the virulent clash between the West and Islamic countries. He argued that Islam is the exclusive religion which is not flexible to adopt another political idea. This situation is occurred due to Islam basic system which integrates religion principle to political system. For Muslims, Islam is not only a religion. Koran has a

Islam in America

1308 words - 5 pages   There is little need to reiterate the long history of U.S. governments going wherever they have wanted and doing whatever they have wanted. The question is how Muslims navigate through the political and economic architectures that ensue. Certainly, Islam has long valued extending itself throughout the world. Travel is primarily a modality for accumulating knowledge, acting on the desire to know, and then, only secondarily, is that knowledge

Given that 88% of Indonesians are Muslim, why is political Islam not dominant?

1157 words - 5 pages electoral laws were passed and political parties mushroomed. The sole-principle policy was lifted and many organizations claimed Islam as their ideology or draw support from Islamic organizations. Despite the relief from the restrictive policies of the New Order, the 1999 election results showed that Islam still could not obtain dominance in the political arena. Beswedan contends that there has been a departure in that Muslims have become more pragmatic

Irranian Revolution

1243 words - 5 pages Molly BandelliGlobal PerspectivesPeriod: 6May 2nd, 2013Iranian/Islamic RevolutionAt the conclusion of World War II, U.S. foreign policy was directed at promoting democracy and preventing the spread of communism. U.S. resources were devoted to building relationships within the Middle East. Good relations with the Middle East were important due to its strategic geographic location and the presence of oil. In 1951, Iran, an ally of the U.S

Similar Essays

U.S. Foreign Policy Toward Taiwan Essay

1581 words - 7 pages policy. The first element of American foreign policy is that the United States only recognizes one China. Whether it’s the China to the left of the Strait or the Taiwan to the right, it is up to both sides. The second element of American foreign policy is that Washington encourages dialogue between the two sides but will not apply pressure to either side ("U.S. FOREIGN POLICY TOWARD TAIWAN", 2001). Not just Taiwan, but the United States

To What Extent Did Soviet Policy Toward Nicaragua And Cuba During The 1980s Confirm The U.S. Image Of An Aggressive, Interventionist Global Power Intent On Confronting The United States?

2629 words - 11 pages at Moscow's expense and that if the U.S. were to intervene they were on their own. This new direction in foreign policy was evident for both Nicaragua and Cuba, which clearly illustrate these shifts underway in Soviet foreign policy.NICARAGUANicaragua had always been an area of low priority for the Soviet Union being of little political, economic or strategic importance, geographically remote and traditionally being viewed as under the U.S

Christianity/Islam Essay

630 words - 3 pages astonished when this act of terrorism was perpetrated in the name of Islam. There was a wave of confused resentment toward the Muslim community. In Unholy War: Terror in the Name of Islam, John L. Esposito, investigates the political, religious, and social elements that have led to the current state of Islam. He clarifies on the significance of Jihad and its role in the Islamic belief. Jihad is an important concept in Islam and it means to be a

Islam And Democracy: Mutually Exclusive? Essay

3548 words - 14 pages Islam and democracy as being neither innately hostile toward each other, nor inextricably linked. Rather, an accurate theory proposes that Islam and democracy share principles essential to both. This theory is substantiated by evidence that current Muslim hostility can be explained by the history of Western intervention in the region and that within the sacred texts (Qur’an and Sunna) the presence of modern democratic principles provides strong