U.S. Reconsturction Essay

2370 words - 10 pages

After the Civil War ended in 1865, the new struggle was a plan that would possibly unite the nation. This plan was known as the “Reconstruction.” When the Civil War ended most cities in the south were fine, but as you proceeded to the countryside; the barns were all burnt, chimneys standing without houses and houses standing without roofs, or doors, or windows. (Hakim). At an estimated 360,000 deaths in Union and 260,00 deaths for the Confederacy, many Northerners felt that the South had to pay for their actions by punishing them. President Lincoln decided he wanted to resolve this situation in a peaceful way and asked the Northerners to forget their anger. Due to this, Lincoln wanted the ...view middle of the document...

Finally, the fifteenth Amendment was created; which gave African American men the right to vote.
In the book U.S. History Demystified it stated that “President Lincoln knew that a Union victory would mean sweeping changes in the South- the old Confederacy would have to give away to a new society in which blacks and whites were equal under the law, and a new economy that was not supported by slave labor.” President Lincoln never doubted a Union victory, so he began planning what would happen after the Civil War long before the war ended. With the being said, in 1863 President Lincoln issued the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. “Which offered a full pardon to all southerners who swore a loyalty oath stating that they would henceforth obey the U.S. Constitution and accept new federal laws that would end slavery.” (history.com). It stated that any Confederate state would be entitled to rejoin the Union and form a new state government as soon as ten percent of its population had taken oath. Radical Republicans and many members of Congress didn’t like the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction because it was to easy on the Southerners, so instead in 1864 Congress passed a plan that was a challenge to the Reconstruction. This plan was named the “ Wade-Davis Bill.” This bill required fifty percent of each state’s population to take a loyalty oath and it stated that the government wouldn’t help them with the reconstruction until the state got rid of slavery. However, Lincoln didn’t sign it because he said that it was too uncompromising. Although, the Wade-Davis plan was rejected, Congress did successfully create the Freedmen’s Bureau and Lincoln approved this. The Freedmen’s Bureau was created to distribute food and clothing to many black southerners who ere less fortunate due to the plantation system ending. Not only did they distribute food and clothing, but they also built schools and hospitals and helped people find jobs.
In the morning of April 9, 1865 Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox to the Union army and Ulysses S. Grant. Days after, a guy by the name of John Wilkes Booth that was against Abraham Lincoln’s ways shot him dead at Fords Theater. This meant that Vice President Andrew Johnson had to become the president and find some way to lead a successful Reconstruction. Nevertheless, things did not end up like this. Everything changed completely. “This led to Presidential Reconstruction under Andrew Jackson. President Johnson added the Confederate States using the Ten-Percent Plan and granted all southerners full pardons., including of wealthy planters and former Confederate officials.” (Sparknotes.com). That meant that he basically forgave their offense, which was when slavery was allowed. Southern states treated them unfairly and treated them like they weren’t humans. Moreover, President Johnson demanded that the Freedmen’s Bureau to return all the land they took away to there original owner. Apart from being...

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