U.S.'s Influence On British Cinema Culture Between 1930 And 1980

1285 words - 5 pages

U.S.'s Influence on British Cinema Culture Between 1930 and 1980

Britain and America have always had a very close relationship that
could have stemmed from a number of different things. The English
discovered America, they both speak the same language and the fact
that America helped Britain in the first World War may have played an
important part in why the two countries are so close. Due to this
close bond or the 'special relationship' between the countries, over
time we have influenced each other endlessly but perhaps none more so
than the influence that America has had over British cinema between
the 1930's and 1980's.

Since the late 1800's and early 1900's, Britain has made a great deal
of films and continues to do so today. Britain has an impressive film
industry but America's is even better and has far much more money
invested in it. British films are much more low maintenance than
American films and seem to deal with more everyday stories than
America whose films tend to be based around a heroic. Patriotic theme.
The two film industries are very different which is perhaps a reason
why the films produced appeal to people in the other country. The
reason they are able to appeal to one another is that they share
English as their main language. This means that the films can be
easily understood and no subtitles need to be used to translate the

The British film industry began to take off in the 1920's and as a
result of advancing technology, family outings to the cinema became a
favourite family activity. However in America their film industry was
already booming therefore it invested a lot of funds into British
films. Due to the films being funded by America many films adopted a
partly American plot. In 1927 the Cinematography Film Act was passed
to say that 20% of the films shown in cinemas had to be produced by a
British film company. More British film companies emerged after this
act was passed to ensure that they could meet the requirements. Two
companies in particular, British International Picture and Gaumont
Picture Company emerged shortly afterwards to help provide the
required number of British films. As these British films had to be
produced by a British film company, some of them were of low quality
because they did not have funding from America. British films
therefore gained a reputation for being of low quality and generally

However this changed leading up to and during the second World War
when people increasingly went to the cinema to keep spirits high
whilst everywhere else there was devastation. The war became the
golden age in British cinema despite cinemas being closed at first but
reopening as a means of escape from life at the time. The types of
film that were shown ranged from comedies to thrillers such as Alfred

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