Uk As A Cohesive Political Culture

1837 words - 7 pages

UK as a Cohesive Political Culture

The phrase 'political culture' is used a lot and often has a lot of
different connotations. Because of this there could a few variations
on whether the UK is a cohesive political culture. Most commonly the
phrase refers to the a common set of values and ideals which the
majority of the populace hold true. But it does not stop there; it is
also hard to define what to measure the political culture against and
what to count as the majority. For instance in feudal times it is most
probable that Britain was described as a unified political culture,
yet this was only true as the only people being asked were
aristocratic white men. A modern day example of this would be stating
that the state of Israel is homogeneous, but only as the current
government ignores the refugees hiding from the violence in other
countries and so only listens to those who have the same ideals as
those in power. Yet clearly Israel is not homogeneous as the
Palestinians often take to the street to protest against the
government, demonstrating that there are divisions.

Returning to Britain and what to measure the cohesion against, we
still have trouble defining the question. Even if we assume the
majority is of the whole population and not a select group. There are
many ways of splitting the populace so as to show divisions that would
indicate that Britain certainly does not have a unified political
culture. Economically, politically, ethnically, geographically and
gender-wise the UK is divided significantly. But does this mean
Britain is not a cohesive political culture?

On the Broadest terms, taking the majority as the entire populace and
measuring it against standard of living. We still get two different
and entirely plausible answers. This is because there is no point of
reference of which to compare the UK to. At current standards there is
a large division when compared to a super rich country like
Switzerland or U.A.E, but compared to a country like Afghanistan there
is almost no division in standard of living. Lastly in a country like
India where they can recognize the division in British living
standards, compared to their own it is of no real consequence.

Taking all the above into account there are several reasonable answer
to the question of whether the UK is a coherent political culture. If
first we look narrowly, focusing just on Britain, it is possible to
see great differences in the political culture. Economically the
standard view is that Britain is divided into the North and the South,
the south being richer. Certainly this is true, from 1979 till 1995
the South East & West and the East Anglia had significantly lower
unemployment rates than the rest of the country with the area hit
worst being Northern England, Wales and Scotland. Another indicator is

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