This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Uk, Us And Russian Government Systems

2271 words - 10 pages

The United States of America, United Kingdom, and Russia all have different ways of controlling their country. There are three models of democracy: parliamentary, presidential and semipresidential systems (O’Neil, 2007). A presidential system represents the minority of democratic systems around the world. Parliamentary systems can be found in a majority of democracies around globally (O’Neil, 2007). Lastly, there is a semipresidential system. The semipresidential system is a hybrid between parliamentary and presidential systems that has become more widespread over the past fifty years (O’Neil, 2007). Executive, legislative, and judicial institutions can vary dramatically across democracies ...view middle of the document...

The legislative branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which form the United States Congress. All legislative powers are vested in Congress, and they are the only ones that can make new laws and change existing laws. The Constitution grants congress the authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject many presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers (O’Neil, 2007).
The House of Representatives is made up of 435 elected members, which are divided among 50 states, and are elected every two years (O’Neil, 2007). Candidates must be 25 years of age, a U.S. citizen for at least seven years, and a resident of the state (O’Neil, 2007). The House has the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an Electoral College tie (O’Neil, 2007).
The Senate is composed of 100 Senators, two for each state. Senators are elected to six-year terms by the people of each state, must be 30 years of age, U.S. citizens for at least 9 years, and a resident of the state they represent (O’Neil, 2007).
Congress created the federal court system in 1789. This was to develop a system to resolve issues between state and federal laws (O’Neil, 2007). Federal judges can only be removed through impeachment by the House of Representatives and senate, which serve until retirement or death (O’Neil, 2007). The Supreme Courts’ role is to interpret a law; the lower courts must apply the interpretation to cases. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land. Lower courts are ordered to follow the precedent set by the Supreme Court (O’Neil, 2007).
Unlike the United States, the British Parliamentary System is headed by a monarchy but essentially, the powers of the monarch as head of state are ceremonial. The most important practical power is the choice of the Member of Parliament to form a government. However, the monarch follows the convention that this opportunity is granted to the leader of the political party with the most seats in the House of Commons.
In the British parliamentary system, there are three arms of the state, that similar to the United States. First, there is an executive power, which is implemented by Her Majesty’s government. The executive branch refers to the Ministers who run the country and propose new laws. Secondly, the legislature is the elected body that passes new laws. Thirdly, the judiciary consists of the judges and the courts that ensure that everyone obeys the laws.
Unlike the United States, in the UK all ministers in the government are members of the legislature. In contrast to the United States, we have checks and balances which prevent one branch from being too powerful over another. With checks and balances, all three branches of the government can limit the powers of others. The branches make sure that the power distributed among them is equal. This strict separation of power prohibits one individual from...

Find Another Essay On UK, US and Russian Government Systems

Federal and unitary systems of government

1168 words - 5 pages Federal and unitary systems of government have many similar qualities therefore it becomes difficult to decipher between the two. In order to illustrate the difficulty in trying to distinguish between the two, I will first define what each system of government involves and then attempt to compare and contrast.Federalism is the creation of two layers of government, the federal government and the constituent states, which equally share the legal

Parliamentary and Presidential Systems of Government

2935 words - 12 pages Introduction: Throughout history there has been progression on how the government has been organized and, alternatively, its position, and role in the public sphere. Two dominant, different government systems have emerged in North American politics, the presidential and parliamentary systems, in America and Canada respectively. These neighbouring systems have components, which are different but also share some commonalities; these key

Comparisons of usa, uk, and china accounting systems

3599 words - 14 pages individual businesses. This is not the case no more as a more developed and regulated accountancy profession are now receiving influence from accounting standards, governmental pressures not to mention harmonisation from fellow European countries.In contrast the US system is a bit more complex than that of the UK. To understand accounting standard setting in the US, one must start with the SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) which is a regulatory

The Differences Between the UK and US Constitutions

2332 words - 9 pages The Differences Between the UK and US Constitutions The question invites an analysis of how the differences between the UK and the US constitutions establish the political systems in both countries, and further whether there is distinction between the political systems. Initially I will define what a constitution and a political system are. Subsequently in the main body of the text I shall analyse the differences

Board of Directors' role in the US and UK

1637 words - 7 pages regarding strategic and operational direction of the company, and the role of an oversight board would be to monitor the company’s performance and reduce agency costs. (Stanford CITE) Some of the issues that would fall under the responsibility of the board of directors in the US and the UK would be to: select, evaluate, and approve compensation for top executives of the company, approve the corporate strategy, indentify risk areas and oversee

A Comparison of UK and US Political Parties

1480 words - 6 pages A Comparison of UK and US Political Parties A party system as described by G.Sartori is "the system of interactions resulting from inter-party competition”. A one-party system cannot produce a political system, as we would identify it in Britain. One party cannot produce any other system other than

Data Mining and the US Government

4283 words - 17 pages Data Mining and the US Government Introduction On the morning of September 11, 2001, millions of Americans, and many more around the world, woke up to heart-wrenching news of a horrific magnitude. Two planes had collided into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York, a third rammed into the Pentagon in Washington, D.C., and yet a fourth crash-landed in Philadelphia. All victims of this carefully planned act of terrorism

Checks and Balances in the US government

969 words - 4 pages Checks and BalancesThe U.S government has a built in "check and balance" system in the Constitution. This system was built so that one branch of the government could never become too powerful. Each branch is controlled by the other two.The power of the Executive branch is in the President, who is Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces. The President appoints the Cabinet and oversees the various agencies and departments of the federal government

US government and society at war

3208 words - 13 pages the office of war information to inform and persuade, it introduced the rationing system in order to regulate public consumption and the government sometimes even threatened its citizens (Japanese Americans) to ensure that the goal of success was met. Learning about the three ways in which America fought the war would help us understand our society and its people better. It will help us learn and understand where we came from in hopes of making

Industrial revolution and the two different government systems it produced

885 words - 4 pages the same so why study more. This was the reality in this system. Eliminating the competition also made quality of goods come to a halt. There was no need to develop better things as there was no gain. This was clear in the Cold War when USSR spent so much money on stealing US technology.Corruption was also very common at the top. The temporary government liked power and wanted more and had the power to get more. So they did. So you had the few

How and why did the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the US entry in World War

1222 words - 5 pages involved but in general there were three main reasons why it ended the war and why it turned the course of the war; US entry in war generally made the war finish earlier, Germany isolation in war also made the war earlier and Russian Revolution made the turning point in the course of war.The first major reason that affected the end of war was US entry. But first we should think why US got involved in the war. There are two major points why the US

Similar Essays

Government And Electoral Systems Essay

1196 words - 5 pages apartheid system introduced. Drawing from the ideologies of Norris and Blais, the major differences between majoritarian and proportional representation and as well as the two electoral systems that allow for accountability and social representation go into the argument for proportional representation for South African government. An electoral system is defined as what defines the processes by which votes are translated into seats in the process of

Government And Politics Is The Uk Democratic?

1147 words - 5 pages that the UK is rather the opposite of that. As the government largely ignore the opinion of the people and completely disregard their views on the basis that those in power 'know what's best' for the country. Firstly as majority states the UK is democratic because we have the choose to vote for a leader who has similar views as us. This is a highly significant point because it's important to have the publics decision on who should represent on

Finance Overview Of Us And The Uk

1321 words - 6 pages , under all circumstances are reasonably adduced as per the accepted code of conduct in accounting principles (http://www.federalreserve.gov). For proper comparison of government spending between the US and the UK governments, this research paper will pick 2011-2012 financial years for both countries as the basis of comparison. Government spending (United Kingdom) Public sector expenditure, also known as government spending, is AuthorLastName4 the

Us Government And Native Americans Essay

4066 words - 16 pages . Many Indian societies have economically become dependent on the US Government today. Also, because of how gambling causes organized crime, the crime rate and suicide rate among Indians on reservation systems is twice the national average. The rate of Indian arrests for crimes related to alcohol is many times the national average. (Connor, T O) Furthermore, police officer and Native American relationships are usually not well because of the