The United States of America, United Kingdom, and Russia all have different ways of controlling their country. There are three models of democracy: parliamentary, presidential and semipresidential systems (O’Neil, 2007). A presidential system represents the minority of democratic systems around the world. Parliamentary systems can be found in a majority of democracies around globally (O’Neil, 2007). Lastly, there is a semipresidential system. The semipresidential system is a hybrid between parliamentary and presidential systems that has become more widespread over the past fifty years (O’Neil, 2007). Executive, legislative, and judicial institutions can vary dramatically across democracies ...view middle of the document...
The legislative branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which form the United States Congress. All legislative powers are vested in Congress, and they are the only ones that can make new laws and change existing laws. The Constitution grants congress the authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject many presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers (O’Neil, 2007).
The House of Representatives is made up of 435 elected members, which are divided among 50 states, and are elected every two years (O’Neil, 2007). Candidates must be 25 years of age, a U.S. citizen for at least seven years, and a resident of the state (O’Neil, 2007). The House has the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an Electoral College tie (O’Neil, 2007).
The Senate is composed of 100 Senators, two for each state. Senators are elected to six-year terms by the people of each state, must be 30 years of age, U.S. citizens for at least 9 years, and a resident of the state they represent (O’Neil, 2007).
Congress created the federal court system in 1789. This was to develop a system to resolve issues between state and federal laws (O’Neil, 2007). Federal judges can only be removed through impeachment by the House of Representatives and senate, which serve until retirement or death (O’Neil, 2007). The Supreme Courts’ role is to interpret a law; the lower courts must apply the interpretation to cases. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land. Lower courts are ordered to follow the precedent set by the Supreme Court (O’Neil, 2007).
Unlike the United States, the British Parliamentary System is headed by a monarchy but essentially, the powers of the monarch as head of state are ceremonial. The most important practical power is the choice of the Member of Parliament to form a government. However, the monarch follows the convention that this opportunity is granted to the leader of the political party with the most seats in the House of Commons.
In the British parliamentary system, there are three arms of the state, that similar to the United States. First, there is an executive power, which is implemented by Her Majesty’s government. The executive branch refers to the Ministers who run the country and propose new laws. Secondly, the legislature is the elected body that passes new laws. Thirdly, the judiciary consists of the judges and the courts that ensure that everyone obeys the laws.
Unlike the United States, in the UK all ministers in the government are members of the legislature. In contrast to the United States, we have checks and balances which prevent one branch from being too powerful over another. With checks and balances, all three branches of the government can limit the powers of others. The branches make sure that the power distributed among them is equal. This strict separation of power prohibits one individual from...