Ulcerative Colitis Vs. Crohn’s Disease Essay

1120 words - 4 pages

Langley-1Valerie LangleyMrs. ThorntonENC 1101- P.1Essay # 3- Compare and ContrastOctober 15, 2013Ulcerative Colitis vs. Crohn's DiseaseThirteen-year old Caitlyn was so sick and in such pain that she could not compete in one of the most important events of her young life, a regional cheerleading competition. She would have gone no matter the pain, but she had lost control of her bowels and started losing weight rapidly. At this young age, she and her family were scared of the diagnosis that was to be long-time coming. Months in the hospital passed before they found she had Ulcerative Colitis. The disease has changed her life and her physicality forever. Most people have never heard of this disease or its "sister" disease, Crohn's disease. Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease are inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) that cause inflammation in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. When the GI tract is inflamed, it leads to improperly functioning organs and the job that needs to be done for optimum health is not completed. While Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's have a lot of similarities, they also have many differences; such as, the causes, symptoms, treatments and long-term effects.Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease causes are almost identical. According to researchers, the causes are not well understood. The diseases could be hereditary or it could be genetic. Environmental factors could also play a role in the cause of them. Foreign substances can be a direct cause of the inflammation. Once this inflammation begins, the immune system often does not know how to stop it. This is when the symptoms of IBD start to unfold. In addition, both diseases are found to run in the family, so for example, if a relative has the disease, a family member's chances of getting the disease increase significantly.Symptoms are when the two diseases start to differ. The symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis are caused by the inflammation and ulceration of the colon. A very common symptom in Ulcerative Colitis is bowel movements become more urgent and looser. Caitlyn is a perfect example for this symptom because this is what she first experienced when she started becoming sick. There was no preventing it or no ignoring it. More typical signs include persistent diarrhea, bloody stool, abdominal pain, loss of appetite and rapid weight loss. Caitlyn dropped twenty pounds in the matter of two weeks in the hospital. She didn't want to eat anything because when she did she threw everything up. The doctors had to put a tube down her nose so that her body would get the minimum nutrition it needed to continue to function properly.Crohn's Disease symptoms are somewhat alike but there are some more harsh symptoms that people with Ulcerative Colitis don't develop. Damaging inflammation is the common cause for the symptoms. Alike symptoms include reoccurring diarrhea, rectal bleeding, loss of appetite, weight loss, critical bowel movements and abdominal pains. Diverse symptoms consist of...

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