Ulysses S. Grant Essay

1164 words - 5 pages

Ulysses S Grant was an iconic figure in the Civil War and was well known for his astounding feats throughout the war.(World book Advanced) While Ulysses S. Grant is the name he is most commonly known as, his real name is Hiram Ulysses Grant and the S. stands for nothing.(Ulysses S. Grant Homepage) Ulysses graduated from West Point with high marks in Horsemanship and Mathematics, but he had poor grades in classes like French. Grant fell in love with his roommate's sister Julia Dent, but sadly he was called to serve at the start of the Mexican War. Once the war was over he was soon positioned in the West, away from his family. When Ulysses left the army, he tried, and failed, at several walks of life, like farming, before the Civil War.
When the war began, Ulysses S Grant was thirty-nine years old and knew he had to fight due to his distaste for slavery and opposition towards succession.(PBS) He began drilling a company in Galena and soon was recommended for a promotion by an Illinois congressman known as Elhu B. Washburne. Because of this, Lincoln promoted Grant to Brigadier. At this, he appointed John A. Rawlins, a young lawyer, to his staff. Rawlins soon became a close friend to the upcoming Ulysses S. Grant. Later at the permission of his commanding general, General Henry W. Helleck, he marched upon Fort Henry. Most Confederates retreated at Grant’s approach, and with the aid of a Union Gunboat, he was able to successfully secure the fort with ease. After this success, Ulysses S. Grant took it upon himself to lay siege to Fort Donelson. The Confederate commander of the fort, asked for terms of surrender, and received the reply, “No terms except an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted.” Upon this, the Confederate commander realised the was in no position to do anything but surrender. This was celebrated in the North where they gave his initials, U.S., the meaning of unconditional surrender. (World book Advanced) Then, on April 6th, through Grant denied the fact that he was caught off guard, the Confederates launched a surprise attack on his troops at Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee. Grant’s refusal to retreat was the deciding factor in the Battle of Shiloh. (GRANT, Ulysses S(impson)) After this, he attacked and defeated a Confederate army by Vicksburg, Mississippi, using a risky tactic he learned from General Winfield Scott. Once below Vicksburg, he employed a risky tactic he learned while serving under General Winfield Scott, he cut himself off from all supplies save medical supplies and ammunition and battled his way to Vicksburg, where since he could not break through the barricade laid out to defend Vicksburg, he ordered his men to stay where they were. He then lay siege to for 2 months, forcing the starving Confederates to surrender. After this he set out to save Union forces that confederates were currently sieging in Chattanooga, Tennessee. These forces, the Army Of Cumberland, were stuck with only one road of access for...

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