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Biography Of Ulysses S. Grant And The Civil War

675 words - 3 pages

General Ulysses S Grant is, militarily, the reason why the Union was preserved, and why the Civil War did not extend past April 1865.
Ulysses S Grant born Hiram Ulysses Grant was born on 27 April 1822 in Pleasant, Ohio. Grant and his family moved to Georgetown, Ohio, just one year after his birth. Grant was a graduate of West Point in 1843 and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the 4th U.S. Infantry stationed in Missouri. Grant was married Julia Dent and had four children later in marriage. Grant served in the Mexican-American War and he resigned from the military in 1854 after being stationed for several years away from his family. Grant tried a few different occupations after resigning from the Army such as a Farmer, Realtor, and after moving to Galena, Illinois, worked at his father’s leather goods business but failed at all these occupations. Grant was promoted to Colonel in the 21st Illinois Volunteers in April 1861after the start of the Civil War. Grant was then promoted to the rank of Brigadier General later that summer by President Abraham Lincoln. (www.history.com/topics/ulysses-s-grant)
Kentucky decided not to join the Confederacy so southern military leaders created defensive positions on the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers, on the southern border of Kentucky. Forts Henry, Heiman, and Donelson were created to protect Tennessee from the Union using the rivers as a way into Tennessee. Henry Halleck gave Grant the go ahead plan to move quickly to attack Fort Henry. As Grant’s two divisions marched south, gunboats moved down river to attack the Fort Heiman and Fort Henry. In an exchange of gunfire, Forts Heiman and Henry fell to the Union on February 6, 1862. (www.civilwar.org/battlefield/fort-donelson.html)
Once Grant had taken Fort Heiman and Fort Henry he moved on to the larger Fort Donelson near the Cumberland River. On February 11th, General John B. Floyd was put in command of Fort Donelson. The Confederate sent 17,000 troops, combined with improved artillery positions and convinced Floyd...

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