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Ulysses S. Grant Essay

1047 words - 5 pages

No other terms than unconditional and immediate surrender. These are the words of the man that helped to keep our nation together, in one of its darkest moments. You may think that I am talking about Abraham Lincoln who was one of the main figures of the Country’s civil war. However, I am taking about someone who still played a gigantic role but receives less credit. The man I speak to you of is non-other than Major General and President Ulysses S. Grant
To start off, Ulysses S. Grant’s name is not actually Ulysses S. Grant. Grant was actually born on April 27, 1822 with the name of Hiram Ulysses Grant. He was born in Point Pleasant Ohio, and his parents were Jesse Root Grant and Hannah Grant. His father was a business man who earned a large sum of money; he and Grant were never eye to eye on topics. Grant’s mother, Hannah was distant most of his life and never gave him affection or even visited him in his later life. When it was time for Grant to go to high school, his father applied him to West Point Military Academy. Grant, being shy did not want to attend but, his father talked him into it. When he arrived, he realized the Senator who sponsored him, put the name Ulysses S. Grant. Grant kept this name, for it was too late to change. His time at West Point would prepare him for the next stage of his life.
Ulysses S. Grant graduated middle of his class in the year of 1843. His first taste of war came soon after during the Mexican War, where he fought under Zachary Taylor. When he returned home, he married his West Point roommate’s sister, Julia Dent. Soon after though, he had to leave her to travel abroad. He would have four children with her and they would be married for thirty-seven years. Grant soon resigned from the military life and went back to work in his father’s tanner shop, which he despised. Lucky for him, around this time, the South seceded from the North and states were looking for men with experience like him. Even being put in charge of an unruly unit did not deter him. He trained them and he was promoted to Brigade General. In 1861, he led his troops into a battle in Belmont, Missouri. He had a willingness to fight that outstripped any other general. In 1862, he captured Fort Henry and Fort Donnellson, two Confederate forts located on the Mississippi River. At Fort Donaldson, he accepted the surrender of an entire Confederate force and said his famous "Unconditional Surrender" quote; Fort Donaldson was the first real Union victory of the war. With this battle, he got the promotion of Major General. In April of 1862, Grant was blamed for immense losses at the Battle of Shiloh. Soon later he gained the city of Vicksburg after a very long siege of the city. This siege attracted Abraham Lincoln’s attention to. In early 1864, President Lincoln named Grant lieutenant general and commander of all Union forces, a position previously only held by George Washington. Grant...

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