In what ways does the Korean War and the Crisis in the Congo illustrate the work of the United Nations
During the Cold War the USA became increasingly drawn into the struggle to stop the spread of Communism (containment). In 1945 the Japanese forces in the north of the Korean peninsula had surrendered to the USSR, those in the South had surrendered to the USA. It was agreed to divide the country under the line of the 38th parallel into the communist Koreans People's Republic (North Korea) under Kim IL Sung and the democratic Republic of Korea (South Korea) under Syngman Rhee.
In June 1950 the Northern government proposed that the country should be re-unified and On June 25th, 1950, North Korean armies crossed the 38th parallel, in hopes of unifying Korea by force causing a huge US reaction. President Truman stated that his doctrine (Truman doctrine) applied to Asia and ordered military aid to be given to South Korea.
The matter was then brought before the UN Security Council, which instructed North Korea to withdraw. At this time the USSR delegate had withdrawn in protest over Nationalist China's membership and therefore could not veto this decision. The Security Council also voted in favour of sending aid to South Korea.
Although 16 member states provided troops, the United Nations force was primarily dominated by America even to the extent of being commanded by an American general - Douglas MacArthur.
the US government considered not just pushing the invaders back to the 38th parallel but also 'liberating' the north.
After a clash with President Truman, MacArthur was sacked and the war degenerated into a war of stalemate with neither the United Nations nor the Chinese managing to gain the upper hand.
On September 15th 1950 Macarthur's troops outflanked the North Koreans by a hugely successful amphibious landing at Inchon. This effectively cut the North Korean army in half and pushing many of them out of South Korea and trapping large numbers of North Koreans in the South. In October 1950 MacArthur decided to go over their previous objectives and advance into North Korea in a hope to `liberate' North Korea- despite the warnings from neighbouring Communist China. This resulted in a Chinese attack on United Nations troops and between November 1950 and by January 1951, the Chinese managed to push back the United Nations force back south of the 38th parallel. General Macarthur wanted to use the atom bomb against China, this and his decision to re-invade the north led to president Truman dismissing him in April 1951.