Uncertain Reconciliation Between Indigenous And Non Indigenous People Of Australia

682 words - 3 pages

Reconciliation between Aboriginal People and Non-Aboriginal people to some extent is important towards Australia’s future. Given the past injustices involving land rights, the stolen generation and Government Policies, it illustrates that Australia has some way to go ahead of the full reconciliation between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Australians and that without reconciliation our future is uncertain.

The Aboriginals were denied their land rights when European settlement occurred in Australia. As the Aboriginals were nomadic, the land that they lived on and moved around on soon became occupied by the Europeans. This disenabled the Aboriginals to sustain their ceremonial and cultural links with the land. Efforts to win Indigenous land back involved government policies and court acts. In 1976 Gough Whitlam introduced a Land Rights Act which made governments more aware of the issues of Aboriginal Cultural Land. With the aid of this policy Eddie Mabo was able to lead a case that was known as the Native Title. This was one of the most famous cases, the Mabo v Commonwealth, and it was declared in the High Court in 1992. The Native Title provided Aboriginal people with the rights to make claims for land that they claimed to be theirs, through a traditional association.

After white settlement, thousands of Aboriginal children were forcibly taken from their families and homes and placed in state institutions. Between 1910 and 1970 up to 100,000 half casts, children of a mixed Aboriginal and European descent, were removed from their families by police or welfare officers. The government of the time believed that the half cast children were better off learning the European way of life rather that growing up in the bush as native Aborigines. The children received little education, very poor food and some suffered sexual abuse. Their families knew nothing about their children’s whereabouts after they were taken and contact with them was forbidden. This policy ended around 1970. In an effort to mend the damage done by this policy a national inquiry was set up in 1995 called “Bringing them Home”. It involved deep research...

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