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Under The Constitution Of England, The Taxes Placed On The This Describes American Colonies In The 1760's Were Legal, Why Did Taxes Contributed To The Coming Of The American Revolution.

1085 words - 4 pages

The causes of the American Revolution lie in the policies of the British Government, which led ultimately to the noble reaction against her imperialist laws. We refer to this period as the United States War of Independence.To complete this question, we must first understand Europe during 1550s to the 1800s. The majority of nations the governments used subsidies, tariffs, taxes, and force to control the nation's economy as one big corporation. An example of this is the British East India Company. The British helped the company thrive by outlawing its competitors and giving it capital to invest. Mercantilism dominated western thinking in this time period (more exports than imports).Since the idea was to not import large amounts of goods from other countries, competition for goods was fierce. The British began sending colonists to Virginia and the French set up many fur trading centers in North America. The Puritan colonists, Catholic refugees into Maryland, and those looking for a way to escape the class system in Europe, and you have a large British population in control of most of the East coast.The colonies failed at the mercantile system. Firstly the colony is supposed to provide England with raw materials so that they can be made into goods for use and trade. Secondly they are supposed to purchase these goods back from England and England only in order that the goods stay within the empire. Tobacco is a perfect example. It became a cash crop in many middle colonies. Rice and silk were also grown in the southern colonies.The British passed certain laws to regulate trade in the colonies and force the mercantile theory upon the colonists. First, the Navigation Acts passed in 1650. These laws forced competitors, such as the Dutch, out and forced the goods transported from the colonies to be carried in English Ships. These Acts also stated that the goods must be shipped to England where British Merchants could collect duties on the goods before going to their intended destination. That meant that sugar from the West Indies had to make 2 trips across the Atlantic before reaching Virginia. The colonists were expected to purchase the British goods from the home country. To guarantee this happened, the Navigation Acts said that the colonists were prohibited from building factories to manufacture certain goods.Britain had accumulated a war debt of $145 Million. Lord Grenville sought to help recuperate some of the losses by taxing the colonists. The reasoning was that the colonists had benefited most from the British Victory in the Seven Years War, and therefore should pay their part in taxes to pay of the huge discrepancy. The Colonists were hit with tax after tax in quick succession. The enforcement of the Navigation Acts had disrupted trade in the seaboard colonies. In 1764, Grenville got the Sugar Act passed. It added a duty to the sugar and molasses shipped from the West Indies. In 1765, Grenville passed one of two acts. In order to save money on...

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