Understanding Breast Cancer Essay

961 words - 4 pages

Finding out that you have breast cancer can be a traumatic experience. As a child of God, we want to trust that God has a purpose during our time of adversity. Pray to God for wisdom and understanding on what are breast cancer, the risk, symptoms, and treatments.
Breast cancer begins in the tissue of the breast, the milk producing glands or the ducts in which the milk drains to the nipple. Most breast cancer occurs in the milk producing glands. Normally, a small tumor or lump within the breast occurs. A tumor can be benign, not cancerous and slow to develop. It can be malignant, cancerous, and spread past the breast to other parts of the body. To determine the two, one should see a ...view middle of the document...

These changes can also be a sign of a less serious condition, such as a cyst.
Upon going to the doctor, a physical exam will be performed to determine if you have breast cancer. Several tests may take place such as: CT scan, to see if cancer has spread; a Mammography, to screen for cancer or identify the breast lump; breast biopsy, using a needle to draw fluid and tissue from the lump; or a Sentinel lymph node biopsy, to see if cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. Once you have been diagnosed with breast cancer, you and your doctor will put a treatment plan together tailored to your situation. The goal is to kill the cancer cells and reduce the risk of recurrence. Depending on the type and stage of your cancer, treatment could include a mixture of surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy. Breast cancer stages span form 0 to IV. Cancer is more advanced in the higher staging numbers.
Surgery is normally done by having a mastectomy: removal of the whole breast, or a lumpectomy: removal of a small part of the breast. Women are met with deciding factors such as, “Do you want to keep your breast?” or “If you remove the breast, will the cancer stay away?” The advantages and disadvantages of a mastectomy and lumpectomy will be a decision you ultimately make on your own. How comfortable will you be with one versus the other?
Chemotherapy or chemo can be used before surgery to shrink a tumor or after surgery to rid the body of any cancer cells left behind from coming back. It affects the whole body by passing through the bloodstream. Chemotherapy medicine is dispensed in mixtures for a...

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