Understanding Chimpanzee Culture Essay

866 words - 4 pages

In primates such as chimpanzees it is imperative to look at their culture to understand their intelligence. Culture in this circumstance means a specific set of behaviors obtained through learning in a population/species. Chimpanzee’s intelligence is quite unique how they interact with their environment and use it to their benefit just like humans. They have the ability to overcome the obstacles of everyday life through learning and the ability to use tools to create a better quality of life. The complexity of their intellect is different from any other animal ever seen. A significant part of chimpanzee intelligence that sets them apart from other primates and puts them closer to humans is the way they exhibit social learning within their culture and interactions within their environment.
When it comes to interacting with the environment tool use by chimpanzees is very vital to differentiating their intelligent within their culture. Chimpanzees are some of the very few unique primates that use a variety of tools which makes them stand out as very proficient tool users besides humans. According to David Watts chimpanzees use the tools to enhance their way of living. “Chimpanzees at several well documented sites mostly use tools in extractive foraging, and extractive tool use can substantially increase their foraging efficiency. They also use tools for hygiene and for several other purposes, including attracting the attention of conspecifics, as in leaf-clipping” (Watts 2008, 83). Subsequently chimpanzees are intellectual enough to alter an object to create a tool, and then use the tool for a precise purpose. Then on the other hand chimpanzees use tools to overcome everyday obstacles. As expressed by Watts chimpanzee toolkits make it able for them to obtain food that they normally cannot acquire and they use their environment as an advantage to make tools (Watts 2008, 84-85). Essentially chimpanzees demonstrate the intellect to enhance their species by constructing tools.
Social learning in the chimpanzee culture by hierarchy is vital to understanding their intelligence. Just like humans follow the example of high-status individuals rather than that of others it is the same seen in chimpanzees according to Victoria Horner and Darby Proctor. “Here we report that when given opportunities to watch alternative solutions to a foraging problem performed by two different models of their own species, chimpanzees preferentially copy the method shown by the older, higher-ranking individual with a prior track-record of success”(Horner and Darby 2010,1). Principally chimps learn from the higher ranking or the elders of the group. Then how social learning it transmitted through the chimpanzee culture is very similar how it is...

Find Another Essay On Understanding Chimpanzee Culture

uiiu Essay

3849 words - 16 pages Anthropology Exit Exam What is Anthropology? Anthropology is a conglomerate of subfields that focuses around the general study of humans. To a true scholar to the field of anthropology, anthropology is not just another field offered in an education program such as biology, and mathematics. Anthropology is a mindset, and a toolbox for understanding, and classifying every aspect of human interaction of the past, present and future. The mindset

Speed Racer by Andy and Larry Wachowski

2061 words - 8 pages Emerson. The Wachowski brothers were criticized in the conventional sense of cinema; however, it did succeed in its technological innovation and digital novelty (Emerson, 2008). As the rise of subculture in the American popular culture, Speed Racer did appear to satisfy and entertain the certain group of people who enthusiastic about the film including fans of Wachowski and gamers. Therefore, this refers to the reading of a film. Different

Gender Roles: Biology or Culture

1543 words - 6 pages understanding of biology. Ehrenberg presents primate models in which there is little difference between male and female food provisioning roles(Ehrenberg, 2009, 17). She also examines the morphology of early humans and notes that the lack of sexual dimorphism indicates that each sex would have been able to do an overlapping variety of tasks (Ehrenberg, 2009, 17). This information sheds doubt on early human culture being based on women gathering

Testing Chimpanzees for Social Learning Analysis

1704 words - 7 pages Understanding the cumulative process of cultural evolution across species, has been in the focus of recent research. This interest is motivated by the search for the evolutionary origins of the human capacity for culture that is also apparent in many other studied species such as wolves, dolphins, guppies and apes (Tomasello et al., 1993). Research in cross cultural patterns of social learning brings us closer to understanding the underlying

Why mgrs need an evolutionary theory

4781 words - 19 pages . Our tribal social instincts in turn act as a moral hidden hand that makes human organizations possible. We introduce this theory and describe some implications of it for strategy and organization. In effect, managers want to control the cultural evolution of orga- nizations so as to make them perform better. Understanding the tribal roots of our social instincts and the dynamic properties of cultural evolution should lead to a better

Evolution: Misconception or Reality

1492 words - 6 pages For years scientists have been trying to find where humans have evolved from. Some of the theories have dated back for many years. With all of the theories, there have been some misconceptions and some that could be a reality. Where do scientists think humans have come from? And is our understanding of human ancestry and evolution complete?The theory that most scientists have supported is that humans evolved from apes. Primates have been traced

The Genders

2568 words - 10 pages The Genders Through out history, men and women have struggled to understand each other. Society has struggled to meld their complex differences while embracing the wonder of individuality. Biologist attempt to explain why men and women are different yet comes from the very similar genetic make-up. Psychologists have made grand strides in understanding how the mind works in the dynamics of relationships between men and women. And in a

Expressive Arts Therapy

2326 words - 9 pages dynamic balance between the two. In dance, by restricting movement to a single stroke encourages inventing new ways of using the movement. It also promotes a deeper understanding of the process by working with accompanying feelings, like frustration or boredom as well as strengthens inner engagement (McNiff, 2009). The last component, witnessing, is the way we watch and respond to the creative expressions of others. In a group setting, everyone

The Primate Mother-Infant Bond

1942 words - 8 pages ” time period after birth. According to Klaus and Kennell, there are specific events, including skin-to-skin contact between mother and infant that must occur directly following the birth of a primate infant. This maximizes the chances of survival for the newborn not only because their mother is a source of food, but also because they will learn the culture they need to be successful in their environment. In the study, Klaus and Kennell test how

Animal Communication

2713 words - 11 pages well as animals are capable of "learning" these traits equally as well. According to Piaget, the child is like a little scientist who "almost from birth touches objects, manipulates them, turns them around, looks at them, and in these ways he develops an increasing understanding of their properties" (Wood 35). The understanding comes, in part, from "referring to preceding observables which are related to the object; or

Animal Research and the Advancement of Psychological Research

3149 words - 13 pages a specific culture or cultural belief. These definitions assist in the understanding the framework upon which ethical research is based.Since the 1940's the ethical conduct of research has gained attention due to the past history of mistreatment of human subjects. The Nuremberg Code states voluntary consent by the subject is essential; the study should be done to benefit society as a whole. The experiments conducted in the study should be

Similar Essays

Tool Use In Chimpanzees Essay

2047 words - 9 pages savannah have been observed making wooden spears and using them to hunt small animals. According to Jane Goodall, her revelation came when she first observed Chimpanzees and their development of their useful tools. Goodall first observed a male chimpanzee leaning over a beautiful golden mound of a termite camp and the chimpanzee using a long blade of grass to fish out the termites and consume them. That revelation in and of itself demolished the

Social Behavior Of Hominids Essay

1922 words - 8 pages occurred due to ecological, genetic, or other factors not wholly connected to sociality (Sapolsky, 2006:642). Culture, on the other hand, is fundamentally associated with sociality, not environmental or genetic influence (Sapolsky, 2006:642). This being the definition of culture, it gives more clarity in understanding whether or not non-human primates do in fact have culture of their own. According to Tomasello’s research (1999:510) there

Animal Experimentation Essay

1095 words - 4 pages IntroductionAnimal Experimentation is when scientific researchers use animals in biomedical and veterinary research aimed at understanding diseases, developing new medicines, testing the safety of chemicals, improving the health of other animals and improving human health. It has been part of biomedical and behavioural research for several centuries (millennia); experiments with animals were conducted in Greece over two thousand years ago.Animal

Through A Window: My Thirty Years With The Chimpanzees Of Gombe By Jane Goodall

2074 words - 8 pages . This ability could also show how they are able to find solutions to everyday problems and solving them such as solving the problem of getting the termites out of the hole. Another chimpanzee that allowed Goodall to question the scientific thought of humans being the only animal with a mind was Lucy. Lucy, a hand raised chimpanzee who was more like a human than animal, began to acquire the most human like qualities such as behavior and