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Understanding Marijuana Essay

2652 words - 11 pages

Marijuana. That forbidden, troublesome substance most people are afraid to try mainly because of what people might think if they do. Cannabis is a plant that comes from Mexico and South America that has been used by ancient Indian civilizations for over centuries. There are three species of the plant: Cannabis Sativa, which is tall and stalky, Cannabis Indica, smaller and bushier, and Cannabis Ruderalis, found primarily in Russia and Eastern Europe (Armentano.) This plant has historically been used for medical purposes such as decreasing nausea and vomiting, increasing appetite when in loss, chronic headaches, anxiety, and depression, amongst others. This drug, however, is nowadays considered very dangerous in most of the nations because it is seen as the “gateway drug” for trying harder, heavier drugs, and so the governments have outlawed it. What most people do not know is that the human body has a system called the endocannabinoid system. Many might ask, “Is that a real thing? How does it work?” and the answers are yes, it is a real thing, and it works as it follows.
The endocannabinoid system is a central regulatory system that affects a wide range of biological processes. It consists of a group of molecules known as cannabinoids as well as the cannabinoid receptors that they bind to.
There are two types of cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2. These receptors are found in various parts of the body, but are most prominent in the brain and immune system.
While cannabinoid receptors are primarily expressed in the brain and immune system, researchers have identified cannabinoid receptors in a variety of other places as well, including the peripheral nervous system, cardiovascular system, reproductive system, and gastrointestinal and urinary tracts.
It is difficult to understand why would something that shares natural chemicals with the body and has beneficial effects for some medical conditions could be socially and politically rejected in most of the world’s countries. Marijuana, besides having CB1 and CB2, also has THC, which is another chemical that is the one that produces the feeling of being “high” by naturally binding with the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Unlike tobacco and alcohol that are apparently similar substances but actually are way more harmful for the body than marijuana, this natural drug is illegal in around 98% of the world’s nations. Social pressure can eventually cause wrong and mistaken opinions on anything. The most current example we have is body image; models look really skinny and pretty and perfect, and that is what affects what kids, teenagers, and young adults think about their looks. What has happened with marijuana is similar: it has become a social taboo. A taboo is something clandestine and forbidden by a society as unacceptable or improper. Usually, taboos are created over the years by religious and political reasons, as well as superstitions and fears (The Free Dictionary.)
Laws on the marijuana consumption,...

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