Understand perceptions of health, disability, illness and behaviour.
This report will examine the concept of health, disability, illness and behaviour. The idea of good health is not only the absence of disease, functional fitness; it also requires a good accommodation, financial situation and stress free life. The individual’s health cannot be measured by disease or illness; lifestyles depend on severity and limitation of daily activity. Osteoarthritis (OA) can cause the physical disability, like hand joint, knee, spine and hips may cause pain and stiffness that can put a limit on activity. Perceptions of long term joint problems may influence health outcomes such as pain and disability directly or indirectly by their effect on how they’re coping. The perceptions may be an important issue in reducing the impact of disease and encourage appropriate method of management.
Patient’s models of their illnesses share a common structure made up of beliefs about the cause of an illness, the symptoms that are part of the condition, the consequences of the illness for the patient’s life, how the illness is controlled or cured, and how long the illness will last. Illness perceptions change rapidly in response to diagnostic results and have been associated with emotional distress, recovery, and disability, as well as with treatment-related behaviour such as adherence.
Disability is any continuing condition that limits everyday activities. The Disability Services Act (1993) defines ‘disability’ as a disability which is attributable to an intellectual, psychiatric, cognitive, neurological, sensory or physical impairment or a combination of those impairments. It may be permanent or likely to be permanent, which result in substantially reduced capacity of the person for communication, learning or mobility and a need for continuing support with the assistance of appropriate aids and services.
A physical disability is the most common type of disability which generally relates to disorders of the musculoskeletal, circulatory, respiratory and nervous systems. Sensory disability involves impairments in hearing and vision. Neurological and cognitive disability includes multiple sclerosis or traumatic brain injury. Intellectual disability includes development, learning, communicating and remembering.
The way People viewed disability over the past 100 years was often cruel and shocking, People even their families’ abandoned them because of a lack of understanding; they thought disable people are defective and unhealthy. In 1939 during the Second World War Adolf Hitler ordered the killing of a wide range of sick and disable people in what he called Aktion T4 ‘mercy killing’, he believed that sick and disable people were ‘unworthy of life’( Man, the unknown. Dr Alex Carrel, 4th Edition, Publisher, Harper & Brothers, 1935).
There is the potential to offend individuals without intention. It is hard to find the correct definition for ‘impairment’ and ‘disability’ but...