This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Understanding Social Welfare Of Hong Kong

1450 words - 6 pages

Understanding Social Welfare of Hong Kong

Hong Kong has a unique history, governing system and economy. These
three unique features are crucial to an understanding of the social
welfare in the territory. In this essay, I will illustrate the
development of social welfare in Hong Kong during different periods.
At the end of the paper, I would take a look at the changing attitude
of Hong Kong people towards the social policy.

Before World War II

In this period, the term 'social welfare' refers to limited social
security and social services. Due to imperialism and colonialism,
social welfare provided by the colonial government was very scarce and
developed as a response to address immediate social needs. Besides,
the governors of Hong Kong would change after every 4 to 5 years and
the population in Hong Kongfluctuated to such an extent that the
government see unnecessary to implement any long-term social policy.

Social welfare services were mainly provided by voluntary groups such
as Christian church and traditional Chinese organization (clansman
associations and charity organizations). They were supported by
private donations. Health services (e.g. Tung Wah Group of Hospitals
(1872) and Po Leung Kok (1882)) were provided by the Chinese Charity
organizations. Other mutual aid committees were set up by these
non-government organizations (N.G.Os).As we can see, there is only
little role of the Government in providing social services.

After World War II

Due to sudden surge of refugees from the Mainland China, the colony
faced many problems and there is a need to reconstruct the social
structure. Since Hong Kong's society was in a mess after the war, the
Colonial Office feels it was essential to assume some responsibilities
in social welfare provisions.

Social Welfare Office was being set up in 1948 and later in 1958,
turned into a department. Secretary of Chinese Affair coordinates with
the NGOs to provide welfare services. For instance, subsidized medical
and health services had been provided by the government for the
control of epidemics. But the role of government is still passive and
mainly providing material relief.

Into the 1970's - the Golden Era

1970s have been an important turning point of social welfare
development under the former governor Sir Murray MacLehose. During
this period, a caring community with the development of 'four
pillars': education, housing, medical services and social welfare was
established.

Besides, in 1966 and 1977 the colony went into social crisis. Protest
against fare increases on Star Ferry escalated into full-scale
rioting. Hong Kong was rocked and the authorities were under
considerable pressure in the aftermath of the disturbances. After
learning the lessons from the riots, the government saw the necessity
to...

Find Another Essay On Understanding Social Welfare of Hong Kong

Corporate Social Responsibility of Leading Property Companies in Hong Kong

1911 words - 8 pages Leading Property Companies in Hong Kong, such as San Hung Kai Properties and Henderson Land Development Company Ltd are one of the sectors that are most influenced and profitable in this city. Holding a majority of lands, buildings and much capital, these firms have been a major concern of the public in regard of their influence on the society. In this essay, different views on the corporate social responsibility (CSR) are examined and justified

British Colonization of Hong Kong Essay

1626 words - 7 pages The first Opium War took place between the British and the Qing Empire in 1839 until 1842. The British viewed the war to be caused by the Qing emperor and its officials’ refusal to permit the importation of opium into its territory. In the war, Britain defeated the Qing. (The Earth and Its People 540-543) Now, you might wonder what does the Opium War have anything to do with Hong Kong; however, it was during the war, that Britain first occupied

The Transformation of Hong Kong

1336 words - 5 pages The Transformation of Hong Kong A drastic change came over Hong Kong during my supposed three month long business trip. This was not my first time in Hong Kong since I work for Walt Disney Imagineering and my team of engineers had been spending years planning the creation of the fourth Disney resort in Hong Kong. I had arrived in Hong Kong in mid-February 2003. My coworkers and I were staying at the Island Shangri-La which is located in

History of Hong Kong Cinema

2110 words - 8 pages The History of Hong Kong Cinema"What do swordplay, gunplay, melodrama and ghosts have in common? Hong Kong cinema," according to Film Studies Professor David Cook (Cook, 1999). Fighting with swords and guns, exaggerated drama and a bent for the supernatural--ghosts, vampires and the spirits of dead ancestors--are four basic ingredients in the last 20 years of films from Hong Kong.The history of film is an important one today. Many people in our

Economy and Policies of Hong Kong

2398 words - 10 pages consumption declined in 2012 compared to previous which is shown in Diagram 4. In order to improve the economic performance of 2013, Tsang announced his proposals during the release of the budget for 2013; the new policies would focus mainly on four key areas. They are the booming of economic growth, the optimization of human resources, investment in infrastructure and social welfare. Projects include The Hong Kong Section of the Express Rail Link

The Management of 21st Century: Hong Kong

838 words - 3 pages economic environment, labour market and social environment. In the economic environment, Hong Kong has faced the Asian financial turmoil in 1997. But now, the overall economic condition progressively improved. Later, China will be a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Hong Kong will gain a lot of business opportunity in different trades, such as banking, insurance, telecommunication. Those businesses need the new management for their

The Fall of Hong Kong December 1941

794 words - 3 pages Hong Kong’s PreparationAs a whole of all the British Forces that were defending Hong Kong, we lacked preparation to whom we were going to battle. As a member of the Middlesex Regiment, I think we were the most prepared out of all the other troops that were sent to Hong Kong since we were trained as the machine gun battalion while all the other troops hardly ever used grenades or antitank guns. In a total of 900 men that were sent to Hong

An Investigation of Language in Hong Kong

1382 words - 6 pages Study. UK: Multilingual Matters Ltd. Hermann, J. (1987). Bilingualism versus identity: Bilingualism in society and school, 5, 227- 231. Pannu, J. K. (1994). Code-mixing in a trilingual speech community: Indian adolescents in Hong Kong. Unpublished MA Thesis. Department of English. City University of Hong Kong. Pennington, C. M. (2013). EN5461 Language in Its Social Context. Lecture Note: Week 7, Language in Hong Kong and China. Department of

Introduction of Hong Kong International Theme Park Ltd

3375 words - 14 pages Comments B3 Recommendations C. Economic environment C1 Description C2 Comments C3 Recommendations D. Social-cultural environment D1 Description D2 Comments D3 Recommendations E. Technological environment E1 Description E2 Comments E3 Recommendations F. Conclusion Reference A. Introduction of Hong Kong International Theme Park Ltd. (Hong Kong Disneyland Resort) Background Hong Kong International Theme Park Ltd. is a joint venture

Insignificant Moments in the History of Hong Kong

2132 words - 9 pages The short story I have chosen is "Insignificant moments in the history of Hong Kong" taken from Xu Xi's History's Fiction: stories from the city of Hong Kong. The story consists of two diaries written on 30th June and 1st July 1997 which describe how the main character, Lam Yam Kuen, spent these two important days in Hong Kong's history. Through the description of Lam's visit to Uncle Check's restaurant and the dinner party at his workplace, the

The Decentralization of Hong Kong as a Traffic Solution

1184 words - 5 pages for Hong Kong, as it would generate more jobs and would also add to the current profit caused by the current CBD. As most of Shatin consists of residential areas making it a new CBD will have large implications, as that would increase the price of housing in the area, as well as possibly having to relocate housing areas to accommodate new business buildings. This would cause a large social impact. To solve that, developing the less developed areas

Similar Essays

Comment On The Pros And Cons Of Privatization Of Social Welfare Services In Hong Kong Society. Use The “Link Reit” As An Example To Illustrate Your Answer

4273 words - 17 pages Topic 6: Comment on the pros and cons of privatization of social welfare services in Hong Kong society. Use the "LINK-REIT" as an example to illustrate your answer.IntroductionThe Link-Reit (Real Estate Investment Trust) has long been a controversial issue ever since its launch. The issue in fact concerns the privatization of welfare services. The purpose of this paper is to review the worthiness of privatization in the midst of conflicts of

History Of Hong Kong Essay

782 words - 3 pages "Tourism and the Hong Kong economy" is basically describing the relations between the tourism and economy in Hong Kong. There are many different resources can cause the influence on economy by tourism, such as, the export of services, industries, and policy etc. The present monograph introduces the issues, the source markets which how they affect the tourism. Also analysis of the economic impact of tourism and addresses the strategic importance

The Industrialization And Social Developments Of Hong Kong

1748 words - 7 pages The industrialization and social developments in Hong Kong are dated back during the British imperial rule when they started introducing various policies that revolutionized industrialization and social developments in the country. The influence of the British on China dates back the 18th century, when the British traders started enforcing a relaxation of trade policies and practices that were adopted by the Chinese government. This culminated

Coporate Social Responsibility Of Leading Property Companies In Hong Kong

1647 words - 7 pages Leading Property Companies in Hong Kong, such as San Hung Kai Properties and Henderson Land Development Comapny Ltd are one of the sectors that are most influencing and profitable in this city. Holding a majority of lands, buildings and much capital, these firms have been being a major concern of the public in regard of their influence on the society. In this essay, differnet views on the coporate social responsibility (CSR) are examinated and