Understanding Research Methods Essay

2486 words - 10 pages

As part of my research methods assignment, I have been asked to carry out a reading to identify and discuss different research methods in two different research studies and provide a critical and literary review of the same articles. The first text is called “Women in the Boardroom: Symbols and Substance?” .This paper proposes if women and minorities add a valuable new perspective that results in an enhanced corporate performance. The second is called “Knife crime statistics”. This paper summarises the available statistics that relate to knife crime.
To achieve a good grade, I have been ask to complete five different tasks that consist in: identify and discuss the use of the seven different methods, the strengths and weakness of three of them, write a literary review, create a bibliography and present a screen print showing the word count of my review.

Task 1 - Identify and discuss the use of the following methods:

Primary: consists of a collection of original data collected by the researcher. I found an example of Primary research in the article Knife crime statics; page number 4, table A. The table records the number and proportion of selected violent and sexual offences involving a knife or sharp instrument recorded by the police. In this case the empirical result is the number and proportion of the total selected offences in which a knife was used in each year since 2008/09. The author used information recorded by the police from England and Wales by using this information he supports his evidence and provides original thinking about the topic, in order to do so he compares the results between six different offences of data recorded from 2008 to 2012. This table in the report represents a new discovery. It can be seen from the results on the table that robbery records the higher number of attacks with knife or sharp instrument. The largest proportionate fall was in the recorded number of rapes, sexual assaults and homicides that involved the use of a knife increased in the year to June 2012.The results are consistent throughout the survey, on topic and up to date since that the last year of recorded information was in 2012. I believe in the reliability of this information because it belongs to the Police and the Office for National statistics. The information was up to date at the moment of its publication but we miss a year from 2012 to 2013 so that gap would make the information invalid and out to date.

Secondary: is second-hand information or the interpretation of information. I found an example of Secondary research in the article Women on the Boardroom, page 8, lines 13-15. Despite that the content refers to a primary research data; the information doesn’t belong to the author, he used it to support a statement and the information was evaluated later. According to this study there is no relationship between board diversity and firm performance. This information was gathered by the examination of 500 Danish companies. I think that...

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