Understanding Society Essay

984 words - 4 pages

During the nineteenth century the ideology of working for existence changed with the emergence of wage labour. It was this movement from private to public work that restricted the role of woman in most but not all cases to domesticity. It can be taken therefore that the life of a woman was that of domestic labour and the family wage was provided by the male ‘breadwinner’. Class played a major role in the working role of women; Public work became an activity for unmarried or lower class families; Daunton (2006). Stated a sign of middle class status was to have a non-working wife.In the 1960s and 1970s we saw significant increase in public employment for women. This shifting of traditional roles can be explained in a number of ways, two examples of which are the feminist movement of the 1960s, re-introduce from the late eighteenth century, and the move to part-time employment.This trend culminated in 2006 with employment figures hitting 13.329 million Lindsay (2006).The role of private employment within the home has changed significantly with families opting for an egalitarian approach; many view cohabitating as a partnership with roles shared by the family group. Society has changed drastically in comparison to the nineteenth century, and it is not unusual to fine same sex partnerships in addition to single parent families. It is this diversity that has changed the perception of ‘housework’ with many males contributing to domestic labour. Even so Gaber (2003) suggests that on average women do almost four times as much housework as men. It would appear that even today in our liberal society we still have gender ideologies and that unfortunately means that women today are still linked to domesticity. (287 words)Part BThe graph opposite shows categories of lone parents. Describe what the graph tells us and outline what other information you would like to have that is not shown on the graph.Between 1971 and 1999 the number of lone parents increased by 14%, this trend was similar to that of lone mothers (13%). The increase of lone fathers however over this 28 year period was only 1%. If we were to look at the increase of lone mothers vice fathers the increase would support our findings in Part A in as much that domestic labour is still strongest in females. We can surmise that the number of lone fathers would support the fact most males would be in employment. This quantifies our gender ideology with regard to the sexes.The graph fails to categorize the breakdown of the families. Lone mothers accounted for 22% in the years 1999-2001. The highest common factors for this trend were single and divorced women. This it self can be explained by women acknowledging independence, no longer do women require a man to provide. To further interrogate this graph more information is required we need to understand and acknowledge the reasons behind single families both male and female. Graphs do create a snapshot for us to scrutinize, however the...

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