According to Molecular Psychiatry 1 out of every 100 people in the United States are currently suffering from OCD. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted diverse obsessions that are then followed by compulsions (Subramaniam, Soh, Vaingankar, Picco, & Chong, 2013). To get a better understanding of what this definition means, it is important to explain what obsessions and compulsions are. Obsessions can be repeated thoughts, images, sensations, or impulses that make a person feel completely out of control or in danger. Some main types of obsessions that someone with this disorder suffers from are contamination, fear of losing control, harm, and perfectionism. Compulsions are what follow right after the obsessions. They are the repetitive behaviors or thoughts the person does to make the obsessions go away. What’s unfortunate about the obsessions going away is that it is only temporary before the process repeats itself.
Now that a basic understanding of what Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is has been established, it’s important next to discuss the two categories, and the possible causes in those categories, that trigger and can even accelerate O.C.D. The two categories that aide in triggering and possibly accelerating Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder are biological and environmental factors.
The causes in the biological factor category could be genetically passed down by generation or there being a lack of the chemical called serotonin in the brain. Serotonin in the brain allows nerves to communicate properly, and controls regulation of mood, aggression, and impulse control. When this chemical is lacking passage in your brain, your brain than misinterprets information which then causes mood, aggression, and impulse control to spiral out of control.
Another important factor referring to causes of this disorder are the environmental factors. According to Dr. Michael Jenike and Susan Dailey, authors of “What Causes OCD?”, from Beyond OCD, “Environmental factors may also contribute to the onset of OCD. For example, traumatic brain injuries have been associated with the onset of OCD, which provides further evidence of a connection between brain function impairment and OCD”. Environmental causes include traumatic experiences, injury, or stress. A traumatic experience could be the death of a loved one, family member, or friend. Injury could be done to oneself or another. Lastly, stress could trigger the disorder as well as accelerate it just by everyday stress such as school, work, and family/social life.
Finally, with knowledge of what O.C.D. is and the causes, it only makes sense to know how to treat it. Unfortunately there is no cure for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The first step is to see a physician, then after evaluation the person with the disorder will be prescribed therapy or prescription medication.
According to the International OCD Foundation, “7 out of 10 people benefit from...