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Understanding The Importance Of Immunisation Essay

2413 words - 10 pages

Understanding the Importance of Immunisation
According to http://www.amfar.org/cgi-bin/iowa/bridge.html,
immunisation is the administration of antigenic components of an
infectious agent to stimulate a protective immune response.
Immunisation is a technique that is used to increase immunity to
specific diseases in humans by exposing the individual to an anti-gen
in order to raise ant-bodies to that anti-gen. Immunisation is a way
of protecting against serious diseases such as tuberculosis and polio.
According to the World Health Organisation diseases such as pandemic
flu can come back easily. Once someone's immunised their bodies will
be able to fight those diseases when they're exposed to them. Also the
National Immunisation Program has ensured that diseases like tetanus
and polio have disappeared in the UK there's still the chance that it
could return. The 2 types of immunity-active and passive immunity-are
both different. Vaccines given for such diseases are only given so it
won’t re-occur. Priority vaccinations such as for polio, tetanus, MMR
are mostly given at birth. Booster doses for these are then given
later on in life. Active immunity is different to passive immunity as
active immunity is when the body makes its own anti-bodies while
passive immunity is obtained by ready-made anti-bodies which are
injected into the body through a serum. Active immunity gives the body
long-term protection lasting for several months or years. People are
born with passive immunity but this immunity is short-lived as the
amount of anti-bodies transferred is limited and it doesn’t involve
any anti-body production by the child itself. Active immunity has been
proven to be more useful as it’s longer lasting and the body can
respond better to foreign cells entering the
body. According to
http://www.immunisation.nhs.uk/ this is when, how and against what
diseases people should be vaccinated for.

WHEN TO IMMUNISE

WHAT IS GIVEN

HOW IT IS GIVEN

2, 3 and 4 months old

Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio and Hib
(DTaP/IPV/Hib)

One injection

MenC

One injection

Around 13 months old

Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR)

One injection

3 years and 4 months to 5 years old

Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough) and polio (dTaP/IPV or
DTaP/IPV)

One injection

Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR)

One injection

13 to 18 years old

Diphtheria, tetanus, polio (Td/IPV)

One injection

According to http://www.cdc.gov/travel/vaccinat.htm when travelling to
other countries, immunisation is in some cases a necessity. The
foreign countries that someone might be visiting can have diseases.
Having vaccinations will prevent you from contracting such diseases
and will also...

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