Understanding The Work Breakdown Structure (Wbs) Process For Multiple Projects And Programs

1956 words - 8 pages

1.0 Introduction to the Structure of a WBSA Work Breakdown Structure or Work Element Pyramid is a results-oriented family tree that captures all the work of a project in an organized way. It is often portrayed graphically as a hierarchical tree, however outlined; it should organize and define the scope of the project. It can also be a tabular list of "elements" categories and tasks or the indented task list that appears in your Gantt chart schedule. Listed below is a very simple illustration of a WBS tree of a sample project.WBS Tree1.0 Level 1 (Total Job)1.1, 1.2, 1.3 Level 2 (Major Subdivision)1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.1.3 Level 3 (Minor Subdivisions)1.1.1.1, 1.1.1.2, 1.1.1.3 Level 4 (Tasks)1.1.1.1.1, 1.1.1.1.2, 1.1.1.1.3 Level 5 (Subtasks)The WBS chart listed above is an example but not inclusive. Large, complex projects are organized and comprehended by breaking them into progressively smaller pieces until they are a collection of defined "work packages" that may include a number of tasks. A $1,000,000,000 project is simply several $50,000 projects joined together. The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is used to provide the framework for organizing and managing the work and most importantly tying resources to jobs and tracking the performance of the efforts. In planning a project, it is normal to become overwhelmed and confused as one begins to grasp the details and scope of even a modest size project. This is a common result when trying to understand the details of work that will be performed by a number of people over a period of time. The best way to break through the confusion is to break the project into smaller pieces (tasks and subtasks), and organize the pieces in a logical way using a WBS. The WBS format enables placement of the tasks in a placeholder category that can be accounted for and have better visibility. The visibility of tasks within a WBS allows us to see if tasks are causing delays on the entire project especially when they are in the critical path. Critical path is any task that must be accomplished along the way that, if not accomplished, brings the project to a screeching halt.The psychologists say our brains can normally comprehend around 7-9 items simultaneously. A project with thousands or even dozens of tasks goes way over our ability to grasp all at once. The solution is to divide and conquer. The WBS helps break thousands of tasks into chunks that we can understand and assimilate. Preparing and understanding a WBS for your project is a big step towards managing and mastering its inherent complexity. Standard (MIL-STD) 881B (25 Mar 93) as follows: "A work breakdown structure is a product-oriented family tree composed of hardware, software, services, data and facilities .... [It] displays and defines the product(s) to be developed and/or produced and relates the elements of work to be accomplished to each other and to the end product(s)." Mental discipline is required to develop a product-oriented or deliverable-oriented...

Find Another Essay On Understanding the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) Process for Multiple Projects and Programs

Understanding The Software Development Process Essay

1285 words - 5 pages software operation for a specified period of time in a specified environment. The determination of software reliability indices is the primary task in the software reliability engineering. The indices are taken as not only the basis for the software reliability design and the constraints during the software development process, but also the foundation of the software’s acceptance. Software reliability indices are usually divided into Quantitative

Discuss and evaluate the importance of perception and memory and learning at each stage of the consumption process for marketing managers' understanding of consumer behaviour.

2475 words - 10 pages consumption process. However, it seems to me that they both play a much more important role in the search and choice of a product than in the actual purchasing and the disposal of the product. As he creates an image for a product, the marketing manager has considerable scope to effect the way that a consumer thinks. There are many other factors that could have been talked about in this essay but I think the two chosen seem to be the two that

Programs for Abusive Men: Do They Really Work?

3696 words - 15 pages and figures, giving it quantitative characteristics as well. All authours, with one exception have PhD qualifications, and work at the University of Montreal or the Research Institute for Social Development. The other holds a masters degree at the Violence Comity for Marriages. Through this research it was discovered that men who entered an intervention program and were no longer physically violent were more understanding and able to recognize

The Breakdown of Mental Health and Stability

1661 words - 7 pages The Breakdown of Mental Health and Stability Progress has always been an essential component in modern society. At times it is equivalent to success, learning, and overall growth. In the field of science, progress is measured by comparisons to what was known before, what is known now, and what can be known in the future. Therefore, one could say that much progress was made in the field of science in terms of understanding the functions

Literature For The Evaluation Of The Digital Opportunities Projects

2057 words - 8 pages IntroductionThis literature review is focused on international and U.K evaluations of“technology-rich” information and communication technologies (ICT) initiatives inschools from 1990 onwards. This review is written for an audience of researchers, policymakers, and educators.The projects reviewed here attempted to lessen the digital divide, that is, they providedstudents of low socio-economic status (and in some cases families and

Understanding Product and Process Life Cycle

2643 words - 11 pages Understanding the life cycle of either a product or process is vital to understanding how resources should be used. Also, the success of a product or service may be impacted by the understanding of the life cycle. Author Gherasiam (2011) believes that a product has a limited life, the product selling evolution has different stages, profit levels are different at each level of the life cycle, and marketing strategies should differ from stage to

Roof Cleaning: Understanding the Process Behind It

669 words - 3 pages for metal or tiled roofs while chemical is good for almost any type of roof. Many experts believe that for homeowners to get the best results it is good to use both pressure and chemical washing. This is to make sure all of the elements on the roof are taken care of and you are given an absolutely spotless roof. The Process Before starting on any of the methods for roof cleaning, it is important to rid the roof of any loose dirt or large debris

Account for the breakdown of the family as an institution

1486 words - 6 pages Account for the breakdown of the family as an institution.The family is a set of parents and children or of relations living together or not. It is a race or group of people from a common stock. The family is the oldest institution devised by man. It is a legal social and moral institution because it perpetuates throughout generations. It existed from time immemorial. With time, it is a concept but its structure has changed. There has been a

Compare and Contrast the structure of "Waiting for Godot" with the structure of any traditional play.

962 words - 4 pages between the intellect and the body within the work. Thus Vladimir represents the intellect and Estragon the body, both of whom cannot exist without the other. (GradeSaver, 1999)When comparing the structure of "Waiting for Godot" with the structure of a traditional play, like "Oedipus the King", the following can be noted:"Oedipus the King" is a story with a clearly defined beginning, middle and end. It has linear progression. There is firstly an

Holden's Character Analysis and reasons for his emotional breakdown in the book,"Catcher in the rye" by J.D. Salinger.

1385 words - 6 pages , Holden's criticism for adults causes him to think that he is excluded from and victimized by the world around him. As he says to Mr. Spencer, he feels trapped on "the other side" (Salinger 8) of life, and he continually attempts to find his way in a world in which he feels he doesn't belong.In several parts of novel, Holden projects his own idealizations of children because of their innocence, curiosity, and honesty. This is evident when Holden decides

Feminism and the Hard-Boiled Genre: Breakdown in Sara Paretsky's Breakdown

2317 words - 9 pages the containment of the criminal other, through incarceration, death, etc. The gaps and fissures that Scaggs mentions are indicative of a writerly text insofar as they lay bare the ideology at work and resist, subvert and, ultimately, topple it. However, as I will demonstrate below, drawing on Frederic Jameson and Pierre Macherey, Paretsky’s Breakdown (2012) contains breaks in its realist narrative which betray the failure of the text at resistance

Similar Essays

The Importance Of Structure, People, And Politics In Projects

920 words - 4 pages . Using the right people for the job will make sure that the deadlines will be met and the work will be done properly the first time. Finally, making sure that all the political aspects have been covered to make sure that the project does not overstep its bounds. Using these three aspects of organization will help ensure a successful project.StructureThe structure portion of a project is probably the most important part of undertaking a new

Understanding The Electrolysis Process Essay

2018 words - 8 pages role in the electrolysis progression. They are in every step along the way, and knowing what they do and how they work will help a considerable amount in understanding this very complicated process. Electrons, by definition, are negatively charged particles found in the atom. Neutrons and protons inside the atom accompany them. Electrons are extremely small, and by combining all of them, they give off a negative charge that cancels out with the

Understanding The Sources Used And Structure Of Luke’s Gospel

2240 words - 9 pages Understanding the Sources Used and Structure of Luke’s Gospel The Gospel according to Luke is the first part of a two-volume work that continues the biblical history of God's dealings with humanity found in the Old Testament, showing how God's promises to Israel have been fulfilled in Jesus and how the salvation promised to Israel and accomplished by Jesus has been extended to the Gentiles. In the prologue Luke states

Causation: Understanding The Process Of Cause And Effect

1415 words - 6 pages ultimately an effect, there was no clear consideration for human nature or possible situations that are out of our control (D. Shanks 1985). But, the role human nature plays is this, if an element is wrong in the process of turning the light switch on, such as the bulb being blown, the cause creates no effect. Even though there is a direct causal relationship between turning the light switch on and getting light, there is no other explanation if something