Understanding the Triggers, Impacts, and Prevention of Unethical Decision-Making
Ethics is a topic that is not discussed and understood in detail in the professional or academic settings. Ethical codes such as The American Psychological Association’s (APA) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct are often used to guide researchers but even this guide is too vague and generic (American Psychological Association, 2012). Because of this, researchers must go beyond what is listed in these ethical codes and take careful steps to ensure that they have a clear understanding of the steps that will be taken while planning and conducting their research. In the present paper, aspects of my doctoral research will be investigated to ensure compliance with not only those mentioned in The American Psychological Association’s (APA) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct but my own lucid set of ethical standards that will be applied to my research. Researches have multiple responsibilities not only to themselves but also to the trust of their colleagues (Committee, 2009). The extant body of literature will be reviewed to highlight the common themes and or standards that present themselves, as they will be used as the framework for ensuring compliance and ethical integrity during my dissertation process.
Müller et al. (2013) conducted a qualitative case study by using holistic multiple-case design, with a single unit of analysis to determine the impact of the ethical decisions that project managers make. Data was collected by conducting nine case studies on companies that ranged from the oil industries to the pharmaceutical industries, completing 28 interviews, performing a review of the companies’ extant process and ethical polices, and collecting artifacts that were related to governance, trust, and ethics. By using the holistic multiple case designs, it allowed Müller et al. (2013) to use a sampling method, which isolated the companies that had similar underlying ethical themes on a broader level. From using the sampling method, a single participant was located within each of the companies, screened, and interviewed to determine eligibility to participate in the study; thereafter the initial participants identified other employees within the company that should be screened for inclusion. The findings indicated that ethical issues could arise when business partners are too involved with the governance of a project, which includes having contact with the project team, suppliers, and stakeholders. The reliability was rectified by using a common case study protocol; the internal validity was achieved via explanation building; construct validity was achieved by using a logic of replication across numerous studies; however, the external validity was poor, to gain more other industries should be included and the sample size from each industry should be increased.
Kish-Gephart, Harrison, and Trevino...