Unification Of Colonial British Columbia With The Confederation Of Canada Edited

1745 words - 7 pages

180The Confederation of Canada, beginning in 1867, was a progressive unification of British North American colonies. By 1870, there were already seven provinces in the Dominion of Canada. British Columbia's decision to join the Confederation of Canada was due to a combination of the colony's economic and political needs rather than an amorous bond. In the late 1860's, there were generally three choices for the British colony of British Columbia: to remain as a British colony, to be annexed to the United States of America, or to become part of the Confederation of Canada. There were four key factors that led British Columbia to join the Confederation. First, the Confederation offered to absorb British Columbia of all its debts. They promised British Columbians a "responsible government" that would correctly and democratically represent the people. The U.S.'s lack of interest towards B.C. resulted in minimal support for annexation. And finally, the overall economic problems of the British Empire held them back from fully supporting their West Coast colony. Despite British Columbia's apathy towards the Canadian Confederation, the Confederation offered them the best option, thus winning their support.In 1858, the discovery of gold along the Fraser River brought thousands of miners and economic prosperity to the Fraser River area. Higher tax revenue, sales of prospecting equipment, and the increase of food demands and supplies all lead to a period of steady growth of economy. James Douglas, the then Governor of B.C. borrowed vast amounts of money using the gold revenue to expand roads, bridges, communities, and government services along the Fraser River area and the appearance of numerous towns began to change rapidly. For example, 223 buildings within six weeks and land values sky-rocketed. B.C. was dependant on an increasing export of gold. However, this period of prosperity was short-lived; by the mid-1860 the gold rush had collapsed from a $4 million dollar industry to a mere $1.3 million; Miners left the colony, exporters stopped exporting gold, and eventually, the colony imported more than it was exported, drowning British Columbia into painful debts: a total of $1,296,671 by 1866. To pay these loans, higher taxation was inevitable but the miners, who are taxed most, eluded taxes whenever possible. One way to solve this at the time was to unify with the Confederation, which was offering to absorb the colony's massive debt as a good gesture. The Confederation guaranteed the restoration of progress and prosperity to B.C. In addition, the Confederation of Canada was offered to provide a transcontinental railway, a wagon road, free mail service between the U.S. and Victoria, an interest-free loan for a drydock, and population to the colony of B.C. The Confederation also realized the economic instability that the unification would bring to British officials who were afraid of losing their jobs; therefore the Confederation guaranteed them either a...

Find Another Essay On Unification of Colonial British Columbia with the Confederation of Canada_edited

the unification of germany Essay

1437 words - 6 pages Zakiyah KhanTo what extent do you agree with the view that the provisions of the Vienna settlement remained unchanged in the years to 1849? (May 2011)It can be argued that by 1849 the provisions of the Vienna settlement remained unchanged to a certain extent. In 1815 Napoleonic France was defeated by the other Great Powers of Europe. Britain, Prussia, Austria decided the fate of Europe, including Italy at the congress of Vienna. The key

Legalization of Marijuana in British Columbia and Canada

1884 words - 8 pages province of British Columbia is in debt and needs to make changes so the debt in our province does not worsen. British Columbia is expected to be $66.4 billion dollars in debt by 2014-2015, and which is a thirty percent increase in debt from the year 2011-2012 (Anderson, 2012). The benefits of legalizing marijuana are we have control over the six billion dollar industry in our province, which will allow our province with another source of income

The British Colonial Life

662 words - 3 pages Untitled "British Colonial Life" During the start of English Colonies, the British Change throughout periods of their ages. Upon that, their lives consist of Economic, Social, and Political changes. The people from different parts of the Colony have different changes in their lifetime, it is because the colonies are in different locations, and eventually positive and negative effects will reflect the British. The parts

Articles of the Confederation

1179 words - 5 pages took place in 1781, the states set up set up a federal government under laws that were known as the Articles of Confederation. Although there were many challenges that accompanied the war, including war debts and a weak military, leaders were convinced that a new government to replace the Articles of Confederation was undeniably necessary. This was attributed to the fact it came with numerous drawbacks, for instance, it had a more relaxed position

The Articles of Confederation

1064 words - 4 pages British emissaries, with is so strenuously propagated by the enemies of out liberties." This means that this group of people hates the idea of being controlled by British emissaries, which are British officials. On the other hand, George Washington expresses fear about Shays' Rebellion and his concerns about the Articles of Confederation; also he feels that a new government should replace the Articles of Confederation. Washington expressed his

The Articles of Confederation

1000 words - 4 pages the wings of the Articles of Confederation. The weakness of the Articles of Confederation caused debilitating commercial issues. Under the Articles, every state, as well as the federal government, could legally coin their own money. While this may have seemed like a good idea, it did not work well. With each state coining money, the Continental (national) dollar vastly inflated, which culminated in its tragic collapse in the 1780’s. Also

The Articles of Confederation

1623 words - 6 pages no separation of powers; along with no president, monarch or prime minister to be the executive power. Instead there was a committee of the state, which was one representative from each state that was on this committee. Being the most civilized authority it didn’t allow much power. However the Continental Congress has five powers under the Articles of Confederation: “(I) to declare war and make peace; (2) to make international treaties; (3) to

The Articles Of Confederation

932 words - 4 pages The Articles of Confederation, from 1781 to 1789, provided our virgin country with an efficient form government, transferring power from a monarchy to a democratic republic. The Articles were a segway, a necessary step to drawing our modern constitution. It gave our country its first taste of moderate federal control and regulation. The Articles offered its people liberty and extended basic and natural human rights, it provided equality and

The Articles of Confederation

901 words - 4 pages The Articles of Confederation The colonists were living in a brand new country that had no track record. Considering that the articles of confederation had no precedent to follow, and no other government to imitate; the articles were fairly good. However, the Articles of Confederation could have been more effective than they were. Effective does not necessarily mean that the government was strong. It does mean that the government was able to

The Articles of Confederation

1250 words - 5 pages , John Jay, and James Madison wrote the articles under the pseudonym “Publius”. Later, it was also published as a book titled The Federalist on 1788. The book, although firstly was only intended to be read by the people of New York, were spread and circulated wildly among all United States' community in general (Peacock, n.d.). The urge to write these articles came due to the disagreement to the Articles of Confederation. By Hamilton, Jay, and Madison

From the Hills of Columbia

789 words - 3 pages Often, when trying to pin a definition to the word beauty, there is a specific set of words that come up: Graceful, ethereal, dreamlike, sparkling. Perhaps one could describe with those words a pristine lake in the muted lavender of early morning, with a swift flock of birds flying almost soundlessly overhead. Can you think of a more beautiful thing? Well, imagine this: warmth, comfort, a stolen moment of time where you’re able to connect again

Similar Essays

Amor De Cosmos: The Spark Of Confederation For British Columbia

1345 words - 5 pages Amor de Cosmos played a significant role in bringing British Columbia into Confederation. He founded the newspaper, the British Colonist, and held a number of major governmental positions. Although faced with many obstacles, De Cosmos accomplished three very important political issues. In the first few years of his political career, while in the provincial government, he succeeded in bringing together the two west coast colonies - British

Tourism Industry Of British Columbia Essay

722 words - 3 pages is not a good idea because they do not have a safe enough practice of extracting the crude oil without contaminating the ocean. Basically what they are saying is we have more important ideas to deal with. If this were Kraszlany 2 to go through, it would stimulate jobs bring the cost of fuel down and economic activity and tourism industry would increase heavily once again.Tourism British Columbia, a company which helps to promote local business

A Chronology Of Treaty Negotiations In Canada With Emphasis In British Columbia

1330 words - 5 pages Columbia becomes a province within the Canadian Confederation. British Columbia is the sixth province to join the Dominion of Canada. The Terms of Union between British Columbia and Canada states that the federal government will assume responsibility for Indians and British Columbia will retain authority over land and resources. Joseph Trutch is appointed as the province's first Lieutenant Governor (Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs).1876 - Indian Act is

The Unification Of Germany Essay

1365 words - 5 pages the three wars Prussia fought.           One of the key factors which led to the Unification was nationalism. Nationalism is the idea that certain things such as race, culture, religion, language or territory set them apart from those around them, and they could identify their interests with a group of people not just a local monarch. This idea created the belief that one’s loyalty was first to the ‘nation’ not the monarch. On 23 February 1848