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Union Artillery Essay

1677 words - 7 pages

To complete this project I worked very hard for a long period of time. I first looked for an adequate topic; it took a couple different topics for me to choose the right one. When I decided one my topic I went to the library and various websites. I picked books that were most closely related to my topics, and picked websites that were know and had accurate information. I read over books, gathered information and pieced it all together. I finally put it together into a final summary and made various charts.The Union army consisted of many different weapons. The Union Soldiers would use everything from flesh tearing Colt revolvers to the feared 15 inch Rodman "Columbiad" cannon that could fire ...view middle of the document...

The stock could easily be removed from the guns and were light weight. Each stock had a ring so it could be fitted to a saddle or on the shoulder. The pocket revolvers had small calibers and shorter barrels. There was many other excellent revolvers other that the colt though. The Starr revolver was one and it was a six-shot Army percussion revolver that had a .44 caliber bullet. It had a self consuming cartridge and two triggers, one for double action firing and one for single action firing. Another revolver was the Roger and Spencer six-shot Army revolver. Other famous revolver companies were Remington, Whitney, Pettingill, Le Mat Revolvers, and Smith & Wesson. Smith & Wesson made revolves called Volcanic Repeating Pistols. They were not true revolvers because they did not have the revolver cylinder though. They had self contained cartridges, and were the innovation to the lever action Winchester rifles. Smith & Wesson also made a revolver that was the first to use rim fire cartridges. "The desperate need for arms of almost any type forced soldiers of both sides to use otherwise what might have been called obsolete weapons" The Union Troops used Muzzle- Loading Pistols, since they were stored throughout the country. These pistols were outdated and simple, but the troops used what they could get.The Union used many different types of Shoulder Arms; we know them today as rifles. The U.S. rifled Musket, 1855 had a rifled bore and was made at Harpers Ferry Armory. The rifled bore stopped spin on the ball causing it to be more accurate. This gun was .58 calibers. The 1864 Remington Model is known as the "Zouave Rifle." It was very popular with militia groups organized under the Zouave drill regulations during the civil war. This gun was a .58 caliber bullet also. It had brass patch boxes built into the stock also. Three types of the famous Springfield were made for the Union also. The made percussion loading guns so that you could load the rifle without using flint. The three famous guns were: The .69 caliber Model 1842 Springfield, .58 caliber Model 1855, and the .69 caliber Model of 1831. Union soldiers wanted repeating rifles. Three Colt rifles were made. The used the same cylinder as the Colt Revolver, but were enlarged to hold a bigger bullet. The guns were made with various barrels lengths and caliber sizes. The Henry Magazine rifle was the begging of the famous line of Winchester repeaters. Muskets and Bayonets were popular in the Civil War. One known Musket was the Colt Musket. It was fired with percussion caps. It fired Minie` balls, this was invented by the French, they were far more accurate that round balls. They were also used by the Confederate. The Union would also import arms from Europe. They were mostly from Austria and Europe. The Carbine was a popular weapon of the Civil War. These rifles were very valuable to Calvary. Seven cartridges could be carries in a magazine, reloading was fast on these rifles. This made the...

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